Description : Manohar Pawar discusses the relevance and importance of social policy for water issues. By analysing several interrelated perspectives on water, he suggests core values as bases for formulating and implementing social policies so as to provide universal free access to safe drinking water for all, particularly for the most poor and disadvantaged.
Description : This book demonstrates that, when reforming the water sector, policymakers should arrange social policies that mitigate the negative impact of reforms. It presents a detailed analysis of the current issues, and uses country studies to show how social policies are vital in ensuring affordable access to water supply.
Description : Increasing coverage and maintaining infrastructure are two of the biggest challenges confronting the water supply sector in both industrialized and developing countries. The last two decades have witnessed reform in this sector that has resulted in increased private sector participation (PSP), and it is now time to investigate whether such reform has managed to increase access without creating additional burdens, especially on the poor. A research project carried out by the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Social Policy, Regulation and Private Sector Involvement in Water Supply, has demonstrated the shortcomings of concession-type contracts and how regulation in developing countries is faced with major challenges. Based on this research, the present paper demonstrates that, in such circumstances, regulation should be complemented by social policies when reforming the water sector.
Description : This volume reviews Africa's past experiences of social policy, with an eye on the future. Contributions examine a range of social policy issues around healthcare, education, the labour market and social welfare, and highlight important conceptual and policy issues for rebuilding Africa.
Description : Environmental change is central to the global social policy challenges of the twenty-first century. This comprehensive Handbook brings together leading experts from around the world to address the most important questions and issues we face. How should
Description : Social power and the Urbanization of Water takes the circulation of water as a lense through which to analyse how the natural and social fuse together in the process of urbanization. In addition, excavating the circulation of water provides a vehicle to examine the relations between social, political, and economic power which give structure to the urbanization process. These power relations become embodied in and expressed by the particular forms through which water becomes urban. This analysis, in turn, allows light to be cast on who controls the transformation and appropriation of nature and the citiy's environment. The city of Quayaquil in Ecuador, where 600,000 people lack easy access to potable water, provides the empirical background for this analysis. Historical political-ecological research is combined with an analysis of key contemporary power brokers who organize a highly uneven and deeply unjust urban water circulation system. --COVER.
Description : Providing a state of the art overview, this comprehensive Handbook is an essential introduction to the subject of Gender and Social Policy. Bringing together original contributions and research from leading researchers it covers the theoretical perspectives of the field, the central policy terrain of gender inequalities of income, employment and care, and family policy. Examining gender and social policy at both the regional and national level, the Handbook is an excellent resource for advanced students and scholars of sociology, political science, women’s studies, policy studies as well as practitioners seeking to understand how gender shapes the contours of social policy and politics.
Description : 'I am most impressed by the range and profile of the topics and contributors. There is a growing awareness that solving water and sanitation problems involves more than pipes and valves - human behaviour and institutions are important components of the package'. Sandy Cairncross London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine UK 'This book will be very timely ... The emphasis of the book is absolutely correct linking the technologies to the sociocultural political economic and planning aspects of water and sanitation services'. Duncan Mara University of Leeds UK Substantially reducing the number.
Description : Within the general debate on neoliberalism and privatization, private sector participation (PSP) in water is one of the most controversial and emotional debates of the current development discourse. After a decade of experimentation with PSP in water supply, there is an emerging trend of failures or renegotiations. Despite this trend, PSP debate is still alive, but repackaged in different forms, such as PPP. This book puts emotions, ideologies and rhetoric aside, and provides a serious empirical investigation of whether PSP leads to increased welfare, especially for the poor.
Description : Given the relatively small segment of the population that faces genuine affordability problems in Latin America, there appears to be a promising case for using targeted subsidies to reconcile the cost recovery objective with social protection concerns. Social tariff schemes of various kinds are already widespread in Latin America, but they suffer from a number of design flaws. Increasing block tariff (IBT) structures are the most prevalent form of social tariffs in the region. These are likely to be more successful in the electricity sector than in the water sector because the correlation between consumption and income is much stronger in the case of electricity than water. Moreover, IBT structures in electricity tend to be much better designed than in the case of water, with lower fixed charges, lower subsistence blocks, and steeper gradients. A number of more sophisticated social tariff schemes are also being applied that combine consumption criteria with some form of socioeconomic screening. These are generally found to perform better than IBTs, although they also present significant room for improvement.