Description : This text explores the means, processes and mechanisms by which plants change the orientation and juxtapositions of various organs in order to optimize their harvest of energy, and examines the major stumuli which provokes such responses. These interactions are re-described for higher plants through to ferns, fungi and algae, and the text constantly emphasizes the functional significance of particular growth movements to plants in their natural surroundings.
Description : Tropisms, the defined vectorial stimuli, such as gravity, light, touch, humidity gradients, ions, oxygen, and temperature, which provide guidance for plant organ growth, is a rapidly growing and changing field. The last few years have witnessed a true renaissance in the analysis of tropisms. As such the conception of tropisms has changed from being seen as a group of simple laboratory curiosities to their recognition as important tools/phenotypes with which to decipher basic cell biological processes that are essential to plant growth and development. Plant Tropisms will provide a comprehensive, yet integrated volume of the current state of knowledge on the molecular and cell biological processes that govern plant tropisms.
Description : The term "tropism" refers to the growth characteristics exercised by organisms under the influence of external forces. Contextualizing his argument in biology, aesthetics and literature, Ton Verstegen applies this figure to those architectures in which movement and dynamics play a central role. Verstegen argues that spatial animation always entails metaphoric or conceptual animation, providing examples from a variety of architects and demonstrating how computer technologies in design have affected the possibilities of movement in architecture.