Description : Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Trauma models of mental disorder (alternatively called trauma models of psychopathology) emphasise the effects of psychological trauma, particularly in early development, as the key causal factor in the development of some or many psychiatric disorders (in addition to post-traumatic stress disorder). Trauma models are typically founded on the view that traumatic experiences (including but not limited to actual physical or sexual abuse) are more common or more serious than thought in the histories of those diagnosed with mental disorders. Such models have traditionally been associated with psychoanalytic approaches, notably Sigmund Freud's early ideas on childhood sexual abuse and hysteria. John Bowlby, who developed Attachment theory, also describes many forms of mental illness as based on early childhood trauma. In addition there is significant research supporting the linkage between early experiences of chronic maltreatment and later problems.
Description : This text describes how to achieve improved outcomes for infants growing up in situations of risk, particularly in the area of the parents' mental health and related psychosocial circumstances that may impair parental functioning.
Description : Mental, physical, or sexual abuse in close personal relationships commonly results in trauma that is very different from the trauma of accidents, illness, or war. Little is more intellectually challenging, emotionally demanding, and difficult than therapeutic work with survivors of such traumatic personal relationships and those close to them. This book provides psychologists, psychiatrists, nurses, and counsellors with a powerful conceptual framework and a concise, masterly review of a huge knowledge base that will support and guide treatment and prevention programmes for these serious problems. This volume:synthesises extensive clinical experience with a comprehensive review of the clinical and research literature presents a unique developmental perspective informed by attachment theory, while integrating key aspects of evolutionary, neurobiological, cognitive behavioural, interpersonal, and psychodynamic concepts explains not only how trauma creates extreme distress in the patient, particularly as manifested in PTSD, but also how it undermines the individual''s ability to cope with such distress delineates the significant contribution of trauma to other serious disorders, including dissociative disturbances, depression, drug abuse, eating disorders, self-harm, and personality disorders The key elements of successful interventions are the engagement and motivation of the patient. This book provides therapists with the framework, knowledge base, and practical guidelines for educating patients and those close to them about the nature of trauma, its consequences, and treatment. The author presents in detail his own "tried and tested" education-based interventions. This book will be an immensely valuable resource for practitioners and academics working in all therapeutic traditions. "This excellent book achieves rare success in synthesising academic scholarship and sound clinical principles in understanding and treating disorders relating to trauma. Allen''s conceptual clarity and masterful use of narrative, makes coherent those disorders characterised by incoherence. Equally clinician and teacher, he shows how containment and care, self-regulation and support can mend the wounds inflicted by attachment trauma." _Antonia Bifulco, Ph.D., Royal Holloway, University of London, UK "In this superb new book, Jon Allen makes creative use of attachment theory to explicate the multifaceted outcomes of trauma. Encyclopedic in scope and scholarly in its up-to-the-minute survey of research findings, this book will be equally useful as a text for the classroom or as a reference book for the experienced clinician. Students and clinicians alike are indebted to Allen for this landmark contribution." _Glen Gabbard, M.D., The Menninger Clinic, USA "There are but a handful of books that could ever make the claim that they have the potential to change your life...Allen''s book is a genuine ''tour de force'' . . . the model that Allen constructs in this book is quite simply the most satisfactory integration of findings concerning interpersonal trauma which anyone has yet achieved. His review is comprehensive and extremely valuable in that respect alone, but it is also original. Help may take a number of forms, but in all the forms that psychosocial intervention might take, the understanding of underlying psychological processes is the ''sine qua non'' of adequate therapeutic help. Reading this book, you will come to appreciate the truth of this statement as well as making a giant step toward understanding the experience of the individuals who have turned to you for assistance." _From the Foreword by Peter Fonagy, University College London and The Anna Freud Centre, London, UK "Jon Allen has organized a wealth of scientific information and clinical wisdom about the impact of trauma on a wide range of psychiatric disorders. This comprehensive book impressively integrates not only the psychological and biological impact of trauma, but also essential features
Description : Adult patients exhibit core symptoms: voices in the head and ongoing blank spells or periods of missing time. The voices are the different parts of the personality talking to one another and to the main, presenting part of the person who comes for treatment. Periods of missing time occur when aspects of the personality take turns being in control of the body and memory barriers are erected between them. Patients also experience symptoms such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance abuse, sleep disorders, sexual dysfunction, psychosomatic symptoms, and symptoms that mimic schizophrenia. MPD patients have experienced the most extreme childhood trauma of any diagnostic group and therefore exhibit the psychobiology and psychopathology of trauma to an extreme degree. The good news is that once diagnosed, the MPD patient can be brought back to health.This book is important for all mental health professionals, and also for the general reader interested in psychiatric phenomena.
Description : An exploration of the newfound connections between mental illness and trauma For decades, the idea that serious mental illnesses (SMIs) are almost exclusively biologically-based and must be treated pharmacologically has been commonplace in psychology literature. As a result, many mental health professionals have stopped listening to their clients, categorizing their symptoms as manifestations of neurologically-based disturbed thinking. Trauma and Serious Mental Illness is the groundbreaking series of works that challenge this standard view and provides a comprehensive introduction to the emerging perspective of SMIs as trauma-based. This unique collection illustrates how different psychotherapy approaches can lead to reduced symptomatology, decreased psychological distress, and improved functioning in individuals living with SMIs. Each extensively-referenced chapter in Trauma and Serious Mental Illness offers mental health workers a forward-looking theoretical inquiry, empirical study, or critical treatise providing compelling counter evidence to challenge the widespread belief that SMIs are not reactions to the extreme and extremely disturbing circumstances embodied by psychological trauma. In addition to the etiological application, this revealing text proposes ways to incorporate this cutting-edge approach toward treatment options as well. Contributors to Trauma and Serious Mental Illness suggest that: childhood trauma is related to psychotic disorders dissociation can be confounded with psychotic symptoms auditory hallucinations can be diagnostic of dissociation rather than psychosis psychosis is related to the quality of family of origin environment and to age of onset of childhood abuse bipolar and trauma-related disorders sometimes overlap individuals with SMIs suffer related trauma even in treatment facilities and much more! Trauma and Serious Mental Illness is an eye-opening resource for mental health professionals, psychologists, counselors, psychiatrists, social workers, trauma workers, and educators and students in these disciplines.
Description : This indispensable book is designed to help practitioners create, initiate, and maintain therapy groups for traumatized individuals. Written by an array of experienced group therapists, the book addresses general aspects of trauma group therapy as well as issues specific to different populations and clinical problems. Cogent, practical information is provided on such important topics as screening and selecting members, understanding the impact of trauma on group dynamics, managing the effects of flashbacks, addressing dissociative states, working with countertransference reactions, and dealing with clients' emotional crises. Approaches and strategies are discussed for diverse groups, including survivors of sexual and physical abuse, clients with severe medical illnesses, bereaved children, survivors of catastrophic events in the community, victims of political and ethnic persecution, and those with diagnosed mental disorders in which trauma plays a significant role. Filled with illustrative case material, the book offers essential insights and tools for therapists, supervisors, and trainees from a range of orientations.
Description : My ideas for this book have been evolving over the last several years as I have been working in the animal modeling area and have seen it change rather dramatically. There have been tremendous advances, both in methodology and in conceptualization, yet the literature is scattered in journals encompassing many disciplines. In particular, there have been only very limited attempts to write about the philosophical, conceptual, and controversial issues in this field; to pull together diverse findings; and to provide some general perspective on its future. As will probably be apparent, I am a clinical psychiatrist who also has a fundamental interest in animal behavior, especially primate social behavior. I entered the field from a clinical research standpoint to devel op some animal models of depression after being stimulated to do so by Dr. William Bunney, then at the National Institute of Mental Health and now at the University of California-Irvine. The field has grown rapidly since then and there is considerable research activity. Indeed, the re search activity has grown more rapidly than our conceptualization of what animal models are and are not. Animal preparations are now available for studying specific aspects of certain types of psychopathology. Thoughtful workers in the animal modeling field no longer talk about comprehensive models but rather about more limited experimental preparations in animals for studying certain specific aspects of human psychopathology.