Description : Science and technology in the former socialist Central and East European countries underwent a period of transformation in the last decade of the 20th century. With respect to the past, this represents the restructuring of the old system; with respect to the 21st century, however, it was the turbulent starting phase in the transition to new national innovation systems. Based on the authors' many years of research in this area the book analyses these processes in detail for 14 countries, reveals common features and differences in the transitional phase and inferres the prospects for the development of science and technology in Eastern Europe in the framework of EU enlargement.
Description : Ever since the Industrial Revolution debate has raged about the sources of the new, sustained western prosperity. Margaret Jacob here argues persuasively for the critical importance of knowledge in Europe's economic transformation during the period from 1750 to 1850, first in Britain and then in selected parts of northern and western Europe. This is a new history of economic development in which minds, books, lectures and education become central. She shows how, armed with knowledge and know-how and inspired by the desire to get rich, entrepreneurs emerged within an industrial culture wedded to scientific knowledge and technology. She charts how, across a series of industries and nations, innovative engineers and entrepreneurs sought to make sense and a profit out of the world around them. Skilled hands matched minds steeped in the knowledge systems new to the eighteenth century to transform the economic destiny of western Europe.
Description : The transformation from a closed and inward-looking economy to an active integration into the European Union is one which a number of countries are facing. This book examines the experience of southern European countries where such transformation has occurred within a short space of time and has been accompanied by important socio-political developments including the consolidation of democracy. The various contributors focus on the motivation for economic change, the problems encountered and the lessons to be learnt.
Description : This book introduces and maps the complex interaction between internationalization, nation-state and democracy to provide a new basis for understanding political change in contemporary Europe. The book: introduces the concept of internationalization, considers how it relates to its near-synonoym globalization, and explains the dynamics of the internationalization process; assesses the impact and implications for nation-states, national identities and political cultures; and addresses the problem of making internationalized democracy work at national and European levels. Throughout the text theoretical ideas and concepts are accessibly introduced and illustrated with a wide range of empirical examples from across Europe.
Description : Research on European governance is central to understanding both the process of European integration and its external influence as a laboratory for multilateralism. This volume focuses on the impact of the recent Eurozone crisis and its far-reaching implications for European governance both inside and outside the EU borders. Ideal for classroom use, this volume covers European modes of governance; the transformation of European economic governance; the transformation of European social policy governance; and the international implications of the transformation of EU governance.
Description : During the Cold War, it was in Europe that the conflict of a divided Germany reached a decisive turning point in the 1960s, leading to the era of détente. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), with its Final Act in Helsinki in August 1975 that incorporated the non-aligned and neutral states in Europe, led to a rapprochement between East and West in the fields of security, economy, and culture. This volume offers a pilot study in what the authors perceive as the key issues: the “German problem” (i.e., the recognition of the post-war territorial status quo) and the western strategy of transformation through a multiplication of contacts between the two blocs.
Description : Since the mid 1990s, the focus of European employment and social policy has shifted from protection to promotion. This book provides a timely analysis of this new form of governance, and the new forms of policy delivery and audit which accompany it. The limitations of the current approach became particularly apparent during the financial crisis of 2008, and it has now reached a turning point. The book offers a new coherent European reform agenda that views easing transitions in employment and promoting the development of individual and collective capabilities as cornerstones. The contributing authors focus on vocational training, life course policies, reflexive labour law and social insurance, from theoretical, empirical and practical perspectives. Transforming European Employment Policy will be of great benefit to policymakers as well as those researching or studying European law, labour law, industrial relations, political science, social policy or international business.
Description : Examines the disintegration and the subsequent reform of Central and Eastern Europe's trade and payments as one of the most major systemic changes in world economic history.