Description : The rapidly progressing digital revolution is now touching the foundations of the governance of societal structures. Humans are on the verge of evolving from consumers to prosumers, and old, entrenched theories – in particular sociological and economic ones – are falling prey to these rapid developments. The original assumptions on which they are based are being questioned. Each year we produce as much data as in the entire human history - can we possibly create a global crystal ball to predict our future and to optimally govern our world? Do we need wide-scale surveillance to understand and manage the increasingly complex systems we are constructing, or would bottom-up approaches such as self-regulating systems be a better solution to creating a more innovative, more successful, more resilient, and ultimately happier society? Working at the interface of complexity theory, quantitative sociology and Big Data-driven risk and knowledge management, the author advocates the establishment of new participatory systems in our digital society to enhance coordination, reduce conflict and, above all, reduce the “tragedies of the commons,” resulting from the methods now used in political, economic and management decision-making. The author Physicist Dirk Helbing is Professor of Computational Social Science at the Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences and an affiliate of the Computer Science Department at ETH Zurich, as well as co-founder of ETH’s Risk Center. He is internationally known for the scientific coordination of the FuturICT Initiative which focuses on using smart data to understand techno-socio-economic systems. “Prof. Helbing has produced an insightful and important set of essays on the ways in which big data and complexity science are changing our understanding of ourselves and our society, and potentially allowing us to manage our societies much better than we are currently able to do. Of special note are the essays that touch on the promises of big data along with the dangers...this is material that we should all become familiar with!” Alex Pentland, MIT, author of Social Physics: How Good Ideas Spread - The Lessons From a New Science "Dirk Helbing has established his reputation as one of the leading scientific thinkers on the dramatic impacts of the digital revolution on our society and economy. Thinking Ahead is a most stimulating and provocative set of essays which deserves a wide audience.” Paul Ormerod, economist, and author of Butterfly Economics and Why Most Things Fail. "It is becoming increasingly clear that many of our institutions and social structures are in a bad way and urgently need fixing. Financial crises, international conflicts, civil wars and terrorism, inaction on climate change, problems of poverty, widening economic inequality, health epidemics, pollution and threats to digital privacy and identity are just some of the major challenges that we confront in the twenty-first century. These issues demand new and bold thinking, and that is what Dirk Helbing offers in this collection of essays. If even a fraction of these ideas pay off, the consequences for global governance could be significant. So this is a must-read book for anyone concerned about the future." Philip Ball, science writer and author of Critical Mass “This collection of papers, brought together by Dirk Helbing, is both timely and topical. It raises concerns about Big Data, which are truly frightening and disconcerting, that we do need to be aware of; while at the same time offering some hope that the technology, which has created the previously unthought-of dangers to our privacy, safety and democracy can be the means to address these dangers by enabling social, economic and political participation and coordination, not possible in the past. It makes for compelling reading and I hope for timely action.”Eve Mitleton-Kelly, LSE, author of Corporate Governance and Complexity Theory and editor of Co-evolution of Intelligent Socio-technical Systems
Description : Introduction: Communities and their future; Four methods for thinking ahead; Why the methods are useful; Participation; Getting ready: team preparations; Selection participants; Monitoring; Facilitating the methods step by step; Facilitation skills and tips.
Description : The subjects discussed in this book will focus on a parolee and other released prisoners living out here on these streets twenty-four hours a day. My attempt is to help a parolee and other released prisoners survive out here. Every sentence, phrase, and paragraph underlined in this book is why a parolee’s parole was either violated or revoked. And it is why other released prisoners end up back in jail or prison. I think future parolees and other prisoners who will be released from prison should know the mistakes past parolees and released prisoners made. I also shared the personal experiences of other parolees and released prisoners with future parolees and released prisoners. Every parolee and released prisoner in this country lives different lifestyles in different communities with different circumstances and situations. I hope this book will plant in their minds what to consider and what to think about that will be the cause of them encountering direct or indirect police contact.
Description : Looking Back To Think Ahead Maps And Quantifies The Extent Of Damage To India`S Environment And Natural Resource Base That Accompanied Economic Growth During The First 50 Years After India`S Independence (1947-97). Guided By A Distinguished Team Of Advisors, The Study Report-Both In Detailed And Abridged Versions-Advocates For A Paradigm Shifts So As To Create Positive Impacts On The Environment While Realizing Healthy Economic Growth Rates. This `Looking Back` Provided The Foundation Of The `Think Ahead` Component Of The Study (Disha (Directions, Innovations, And Strategies For Harnessing Action). The Publication-Disha For Sustainable Development-Presents `Business-As-Usual` And `Alternative` Policy Scenarios For The Period 1997-2047, And Offers Quantitative Projections For The State Of India`S Natural Resources And The Environment Under The Influence Of Such Policies.
Description : The papers in this collection were commissioned by the Board on Testing and Assessment (BOTA) of the National Research Council (NRC) for a workshop held on November 14, 2001, with support from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Goals for the workshop were twofold. One was to share the major messages of the recently released NRC committee report, Knowing What Students Know: The Science and Design of Educational Assessment (2001), which synthesizes advances in the cognitive sciences and methods of measurement, and considers their implications for improving educational assessment. The second goal was to delve more deeply into one of the major themes of that report-the role that technology could play in bringing those advances together, which is the focus of these papers. For the workshop, selected researchers working in the intersection of technology and assessment were asked to write about some of the challenges and opportunities for more fully capitalizing on the power of information technologies to improve assessment, to illustrate those issues with examples from their own research, and to identify priorities for research and development in this area.