Structure Determination By X Ray Crystallography

Author by : M. Ladd
Language : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 456
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : X-ray crystaIlography provides us with the most accurate picture we can get of atomic and molecular structures in crystals. It provides a hard bedrock of structural results in chemistry and in mineralogy. In biology, where the structures are not fuIly crystaIline, it can still provide valuable results and, indeed, the impact here has been revolutionary. It is still an immense field for young workers, and no doubt will provide yet more striking develop ments of a major character. It does, however, require a wide range of inteIlectual application, and a considerable ability in many fields. This book will provide much help. It is a very straightforward and thorough guide to every aspect of the subject. The authors are experienced both as research workers themselves and as teachers of standing, and this is shown in their clarity of exposition. There are plenty of illustrations and worked examples to aid the student to obtain areal grasp of the subject.


Structure Determination By X Ray Crystallography

Author by : Mark F.C. Ladd
Language : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 101
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : This book is an account of crystal symmetry and optical and e-ray diffraction techniques for examining single crystals. It includes the solution of crystal structures by the current methods, worked examples of crystal structure determination, problems and solutions for each chapter.


Structure Determination By X Ray Crystallography

Author by : R.A. Palmer
Language : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
Total Download : 911
File Size : 44,5 Mb
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Description : X-ray crystallography provides us with the most accurate picture we can get of atomic and molecular structures in crystals. It provides a hard bedrock of structural results in chemistry and in mineralogy. In biology, where the structures are not fully crystalline, it can still provide valuable results and, indeed, the impact here has been revolutionary. It is still an immense field for young workers, and no doubt will provide yet more striking develop ments of a major character. It does, however, require a wide range of intellectual application, and a considerable ability in many fields. This book will provide much help. It is a very straightforward and thorough guide to every aspect of the subject. The authors are experienced both as research workers themselves and as teachers of standing, and this is shown in their clarity of exposition. There are plenty of iliustrations and worked examples to aid the student to obtain a real grasp of the subject.


An Introduction To X Ray Crystallography

Author by : Michael M. Woolfson
Language : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 462
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : A textbook for the student beginning a serious study of X-ray crystallography.


Early Days Of X Ray Crystallography

Author by : André Authier
Language : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 118
File Size : 54,9 Mb
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Description : The modern applications of X-ray crystallography range from drug design to characterisation of high technology materials. This book tells the story of its pioneers and relates how the first crystal structures were determined.


Structure Determination By X Ray Crystallography

Author by : M. F. C. Ladd
Language : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 311
File Size : 53,5 Mb
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Description : Crystallography may be described as the science of the structure of materi als, using this word in its widest sense, and its ramifications are apparent over a broad front of current scientific endeavor. It is not surprising, therefore, to find that most universities offer some aspects of crystallography in their undergraduate courses in the physical sciences. It is the principal aim of this book to present an introduction to structure determination by X-ray crystal lography that is appropriate mainly to both final-year undergraduate studies in crystallography, chemistry, and chemical physics, and introductory post graduate work in this area of crystallography. We believe that the book will be of interest in other disciplines, such as physics, metallurgy, biochemistry, and geology, where crystallography has an important part to play. In the space of one book, it is not possible either to cover all aspects of crystallography or to treat all the subject matter completely rigorously. In particular, certain mathematical results are assumed in order that their applications may be discussed. At the end of each chapter, a short bibliog raphy is given, which may be used to extend the scope of the treatment given here. In addition, reference is made in the text to specific sources of information. We have chosen not to discuss experimental methods extensively, as we consider that this aspect of crystallography is best learned through practical experience, but an attempt has been made to simulate the interpretive side of experimental crystallography in both examples and exercises.


Structure Determination By X Ray Crystallography

Author by : Marcus Frederick Charles Ladd
Language : en
Publisher by : Plenum Pub Corp
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 991
File Size : 51,9 Mb
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Description : This book is an account of crystal symmetry and optical and e-ray diffraction techniques for examining single crystals. It includes the solution of crystal structures by the current methods, worked examples of crystal structure determination, problems and solutions for each chapter, and a CD-ROM of supplementary material.


X Ray Crystallography

Author by : William Clegg
Language : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 460
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout the texts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. Learning features provided in the primers, including questions at the end of every chapter and interactive online MCQs, encourage active learning and promote understanding. Furthermore, frequent diagrams, margin notes, further reading, and glossary definitions all help to enhance a student's understanding of these essential areas of chemistry. This primer provides a succinct account of the technique of X-ray crystallography for determining structure in the solid state. Engaging examples of practical applications are described throughout, emphasising the importance of this field to modern research and industry. Furthermore, end of chapter exercises and online multiple choice questions enable students to test their own understanding of the subject. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany X-Ray Crystallography features: For registered adopters of the text: * Figures from the book available to download For students: * Downloadable CIF data files * Multiple-choice questions for self-directed learning * Full worked solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises


Structure Determination By X Ray Crystallography

Author by : Mark Ladd
Language : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 907
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : The advances in and applications of x-ray and neutron crystallography form the essence of this new edition of this classic textbook, while maintaining the overall plan of the book that has been well received in the academic community since the first edition in 1977. X-ray crystallography is a universal tool for studying molecular structure, and the complementary nature of neutron diffraction crystallography permits the location of atomic species in crystals which are not easily revealed by X-ray techniques alone, such as hydrogen atoms or other light atoms in the presence of heavier atoms. Thus, a chapter discussing the practice of neutron diffraction techniques, with examples, broadens the scope of the text in a highly desirable way. As with previous editions, the book contains problems to illustrate the work of each chapter, and detailed solutions are provided. Mathematical procedures related to the material of the main body of the book are not discussed in detail, but are quoted where needed with references to standard mathematical texts. To address the computational aspect of crystallography, the suite of computer programs from the fourth edition has been revised and expanded. The programs enable the reader to participate fully in many of the aspects of x-ray crystallography discussed in the book. In particular, the program system XRAY* is interactive, and enables the reader to follow through, at the monitor screen, the computational techniques involved in single-crystal structure determination, albeit in two dimensions, with the data sets provided. Exercises for students can be found in the book, and solutions are available to instructors.


X Ray Crystallography Of Biomacromolecules

Author by : Albrecht Messerschmidt
Language : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 908
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : Written by one of the most significant contributors to the progress of protein crystallography, this practical guide contains case studies, a troubleshooting section and pointers on data interpretation. It covers the theory, practice and latest achievements in x-ray crystallography, such that any researcher in structural biology will benefit from this extremely clearly written book. Part A covers the theoretical basis and such experimental techniques as principles of x-ray diffraction, solutions for the phase problem and time-resolved x-ray crystallography. Part B includes case studies for different kinds of x-ray crystal structure determination, such as the MIRAS and MAD techniques, molecular replacement, and the difference Fourier technique.