Description : Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: The present paper is about continuous time stochastic calculus and its application to stochastic portfolio selection problems. The paper is divided into two parts: The first part provides the mathematical framework and consists of Chapters 1 and 2, where it gives an insight into the theory of stochastic process and the theory of stochastic calculus. The second part, consisting of Chapters 3 and 4, applies the first part to problems in stochastic portfolio theory and stochastic portfolio optimisation. Chapter 1, "Stochastic Processes", starts with the construction of stochastic process. The significance of Markovian kernels is discussed and some examples of process and emigroups will be given. The simple normal-distribution will be extended to the multi-variate normal distribution, which is needed for introducing the Brownian motion process. Finally, another class of stochastic process is introduced which plays a central role in mathematical finance: the martingale. Chapter 2, "Stochastic Calculus", begins with the introduction of the stochastic integral. This integral is different to the Lebesgue-Stieltjes integral because of the randomness of the integrand and integrator. This is followed by the probably most important theorem in stochastic calculus: It o s formula. It o s formula is of central importance and most of the proofs of Chapters 3 and 4 are not possible without it. We continue with the notion of a stochastic differential equations. We introduce strong and weak solutions and a way to solve stochastic differential equations by removing the drift. The last section of Chapter 2 applies stochastic calculus to stochastic control. We will need stochastic control to solve some portfolio problems in Chapter 4. Chapter 3, "Stochastic Portfolio Theory", deals mainly with the problem of introducing an appropriate model for stock prices and portfolios. These models will be needed in Chapter 4. The first section of Chapter 3 introduces a stock market model, portfolios, the risk-less asset, consumption and labour income processes. The second section, Section 3.2, introduces the notion of relative return as well as portfolio generating functions. Relative return finds application in Chapter 4 where we deal with benchmark optimisation. Benchmark optimisation is optimising a portfolio with respect to a given benchmark portfolio. The final section of Chapter 3 contains some considerations about the long-term behaviour of [...]
Description : Consisting of two parts, this book presents papers describing publicly available stochastic programming systems that are operational. It presents a diverse collection of application papers in areas such as production, supply chain and scheduling, gaming, environmental and pollution control, financial modeling, telecommunications, and electricity.
Description : This book highlights the latest advances in stochastic processes, probability theory, mathematical statistics, engineering mathematics and algebraic structures, focusing on mathematical models, structures, concepts, problems and computational methods and algorithms important in modern technology, engineering and natural sciences applications. It comprises selected, high-quality, refereed contributions from various large research communities in modern stochastic processes, algebraic structures and their interplay and applications. The chapters cover both theory and applications, illustrated by numerous figures, schemes, algorithms, tables and research results to help readers understand the material and develop new mathematical methods, concepts and computing applications in the future. Presenting new methods and results, reviews of cutting-edge research, and open problems and directions for future research, the book serves as a source of inspiration for a broad spectrum of researchers and research students in probability theory and mathematical statistics, applied algebraic structures, applied mathematics and other areas of mathematics and applications of mathematics. The book is based on selected contributions presented at the International Conference on “Stochastic Processes and Algebraic Structures – From Theory Towards Applications” (SPAS2017) to mark Professor Dmitrii Silvestrov’s 70th birthday and his 50 years of fruitful service to mathematics, education and international cooperation, which was held at Mälardalen University in Västerås and Stockholm University, Sweden, in October 2017.
Description : Based around recent lectures given at the prestigious Ritsumeikan conference, the tutorial and expository articles contained in this volume are an essential guide for practitioners and graduates alike who use stochastic calculus in finance. Among the eminent contributors are Paul Malliavin and Shinzo Watanabe, pioneers of Malliavin Calculus. The coverage also includes a valuable review of current research on credit risks in a mathematically sophisticated way contrasting with existing economics-oriented articles. Contents: Harmonic Analysis Methods for Nonparametric Estimation of Volatility: Theory and Applications (E Barucci et al.); Hedging of Credit Derivatives in Models with Totally Unexpected Default (T R Bielecki et al.); A Large Trader-Insider Model (A Kohatsu-Higa & A Sulem); [GLP & MEMM] Pricing Models and Related Problems (Y Miyahara); Topics Related to Gamma Processes (M Yamazato); On Stochastic Differential Equations Driven by Symmetric Stable Processes of Index a (H Hashimoto et al.); Martingale Representation Theorem and Chaos Expansion (S Watanabe). Readership: Graduate students, researchers and practitioners in the field of stochastic processes and mathematical finance.
Description : World leading experts give their accounts of the modern mathematical models in the field: Markov Decision Processes, controlled diffusions, piece-wise deterministic processes etc, with a wide range of performance functionals. One of the aims is to give a general view on the state-of-the-art. The authors use Dynamic Programming, Convex Analytic Approach, several numerical methods, index-based approach and so on. Most chapters either contain well developed examples, or are entirely devoted to the application of the mathematical control theory to real life problems from such fields as Insurance, Portfolio Optimization and Information Transmission. The book will enable researchers, academics and research students to get a sense of novel results, concepts, models, methods, and applications of controlled stochastic processes.
Description : Stochastic optimization problems arise in decision-making problems under uncertainty, and find various applications in economics and finance. On the other hand, problems in finance have recently led to new developments in the theory of stochastic control. This volume provides a systematic treatment of stochastic optimization problems applied to finance by presenting the different existing methods: dynamic programming, viscosity solutions, backward stochastic differential equations, and martingale duality methods. The theory is discussed in the context of recent developments in this field, with complete and detailed proofs, and is illustrated by means of concrete examples from the world of finance: portfolio allocation, option hedging, real options, optimal investment, etc. This book is directed towards graduate students and researchers in mathematical finance, and will also benefit applied mathematicians interested in financial applications and practitioners wishing to know more about the use of stochastic optimization methods in finance.
Description : This edited volume contains 16 research articles. It presents recent and pressing issues in stochastic processes, control theory, differential games, optimization, and their applications in finance, manufacturing, queueing networks, and climate control. One of the salient features is that the book is highly multi-disciplinary. The book is dedicated to Professor Suresh Sethi on the occasion of his 60th birthday, in view of his distinguished career.
Description : This volume comprises selected papers presented at the 12th Winter School on Stochastic Processes and their Applications, which was held in Siegmundsburg, Germany, in March 2000. The contents include Backward Stochastic Differential Equations; Semilinear PDE and SPDE; Arbitrage Theory; Credit Derivatives and Models for Correlated Defaults; Three Intertwined Brownian Topics: Exponential Functionals, Winding Numbers and Local Times. A unique opportunity to read ideas from all the top experts on the subject, Stochastic Processes and Related Topics is intended for postgraduates and researchers working in this area of mathematics and provides a useful source of reference.
Description : A graduate-course text, written for readers familiar with measure-theoretic probability and discrete-time processes, wishing to explore stochastic processes in continuous time. The vehicle chosen for this exposition is Brownian motion, which is presented as the canonical example of both a martingale and a Markov process with continuous paths. In this context, the theory of stochastic integration and stochastic calculus is developed, illustrated by results concerning representations of martingales and change of measure on Wiener space, which in turn permit a presentation of recent advances in financial economics. The book contains a detailed discussion of weak and strong solutions of stochastic differential equations and a study of local time for semimartingales, with special emphasis on the theory of Brownian local time. The whole is backed by a large number of problems and exercises.