Description : Risk exposure is a major cause of poverty, deprivation and persistent vulnerability worldwide. This volume analyses individuals' and households' responses to a variety of risks, with an emphasis on health risks. The study adapts the Social Risk Management (SRM) conceptual framework and extends it considerably for academic inquiry. Using household data from Ghana and Malawi, empirical evidence is provided on the complex relationship between high risk exposure and the application of proactive and reactive SRM strategies (inc. health insurance), showing their specific contributions to risk management.
Description : In fact, with the control and containment of most infectious conditions and diseases of the past millennium having been achieved in most developed countries, and with the resultant increase in life expectancies, much more attention seems to have shifted to degenerative health problems. Many of the degenerative health conditions have been linked to thousands of chemicals regularly encountered in human living and occupational/work environments. It is important, therefore, that human health risk assessments are undertaken on a consistent basis - in order to determine the potential impacts of the target chemicals on public health.
Description : Economists, decision analysts, management scientists, and others have long argued that government should take a more scientific approach to decision making. Pointing to various theories for prescribing and rational izing choices, they have maintained that social goals could be achieved more effectively and at lower costs if government decisions were routinely subjected to analysis. Now, government policy makers are putting decision science to the test. Recent government actions encourage and in some cases require government decisions to be evaluated using formally defined principles 01' rationality. Will decision science pass tbis test? The answer depends on whether analysts can quickly and successfully translate their theories into practical approaches and whether these approaches promote the solution of the complex, highly uncertain, and politically sensitive problems that are of greatest concern to government decision makers. The future of decision science, perhaps even the nation's well-being, depends on the outcome. A major difficulty for the analysts who are being called upon by government to apply decision-aiding approaches is that decision science has not yet evolved a universally accepted methodology for analyzing social decisions involving risk. Numerous approaches have been proposed, including variations of cost-benefit analysis, decision analysis, and applied social welfare theory. Each of these, however, has its limitations and deficiencies and none has a proven track record for application to govern ment decisions involving risk. Cost-benefit approaches have been exten sively applied by the government, but most applications have been for decisions that were largely risk-free.
Description : RACR is a series of biennial international conferences on risk analysis, crisis response, and disaster prevention for specialists and stakeholders. RACR-2015, held June 1-3, 2015 in Tangier, Morocco, was the fifth conference in this series, following the successful RACR-2007 in Shanghai (China), RACR-2009 in Beijing (China), RACR-2011 in Laredo (USA) and RACR-2013 in Istanbul (Turkey). To raise risk awareness within small countries and emerging economies, RACR-2015 chose the following theme: Emerging Economies, Risk and Development, and Intelligent Technology. This volume is composed of 77 high-quality papers submitted to RACR-2015 that have passed a rigorous peer review process, reflecting state-of-the-art research from around the world. The contributions cover almost all risk fields such as risk identification, risk assessment, risk evaluation and risk management. The conference topics included economic risk, catastrophic accidents, debt crisis, public health, uncertainty plague, threats to social safety, humanitarian logistics, terrorism events, managing risk for development, emerging risk, risk evaluation modeling, energy and resources, multi-criteria risk assessment, food and feed safety, risk radar, global climate change, internet of intelligences, Islamic banking, and natural disasters among others.
Description : Through a range of articles, this book explores the changing nature of risk in contemporary African societies. It provides a valuable addition to the current debate on the concept of risk, which has traditionally been skewed in favor of a European historical experience. The contributions illustrate that technological hazards, pollution, and climate change - as well as the introduction of new forms of insurance and the restructuring of civil society - are just some of the recent developments that invite us to be skeptical of prevailing notions of risk in the African context. The reader is encouraged to move away from focusing on the vulnerability of Africa as a pre-modern society to consider more localized and contemporary perspectives of risk. In exploring new ways of conceptualizing risk in Africa, the book addresses the challenge of making theoretical and methodological advances in risk research relevant to understanding the processes of social change on the continent. (Series: Articles on African Studies / Beitrage zur Afrikaforschung - Vol. 51)
Description : This book presents recent World Bank analytical work on the causes of violence and conflict in Columbia and the pilot lending programmes which have been designed to promote peace and help development. It is divided into three sections. The first sets the framework for the history of violence and the mechanisms of its propagation, looks at its costs and also at current policy initiatives to reduce it. The second part looks at the social economic causes of conflict and the costs of achieving peace. The last part reviews the recent experience of the World Bank in assisting countries that are experiencing, or have overcome, domestic armed conflict.
Description : At the heart of environmental protection is risk assessment: thelikelihood of pollution from accidents; the likelihood of problemsfrom normal and abnormal operation of industrial processes; thelikely impacts associated with new synthetic chemicals; and so on.Currently, risk assessment has been very much in the news--therisks from BSE and E. coli, and the public perception of risks fromnuclear waste, etc. This new publication explains how scientificmethodologies are used to assess risk from human activities and theresultant objects and wastes, on people and the environment.Understanding such risks supplies crucial information--to framelegislation, manage major habitats, businesses and industries, andcreate development programmes. Unique in combining the science of risk assessment with thedevelopment of management strategies. Covers science and social science (politics, economics,psychology) aspects. Very timely - risk assessment lies at the heart of decisionmaking in various topical environmental questions (BSE, Brent Spar,nuclear waste).
Description : Fully revised and restructured, this fresh edition offers students and trainee social workers an incisive and authoritative introduction to the subject. As well as entirely new sections on theory and practice, the expert contributions which have shaped the companion’s leading reputation have been updated and now include innovative standalone essays on social work theory. Comprehensively reworked new edition comprising six substantive sections covering essential topics for trainee social workers – in effect, six books in one Includes an extensive introduction and chapters by leading experts on the focus and purpose of social work Provides a unified textbook for trainees and an invaluable professional reference volume Features a wealth of new material on theory and practice alongside detailed expositions of the social and psychological framework, stages in the human life cycle, and the objectives and core components of social work Each chapter lists five key points to remember, questions for discussion, and recommendations for further reading
Description : The completely revised and updated Third Edition of Risk Management in Health Care Institutions: Limiting Liability and Enhancing Care covers the basic concepts of risk management, employment practices, and general risk management strategies, as well as specific risk areas, including medical malpractice, strategies to reduce liability, managing positions, and litigation alternatives. This edition also emphasizes outpatient medicine and the risks associated with electronic medical records. Risk Management in Health Care Institutions: Limiting Liability and Enhancing Care, Third Edition offers r