Description : Considering that getting along in civil society is based on the expectation that (most) people will do what they say they will do, i.e., essentially live up to their explicit or implicit promises, it is amazing that so little scientific attention has been given to the act of promising. A great deal of research has been done on the moral development of children, for example, but not on the child’s ability to make and keep a promise, one of the highest moral achievements. What makes it possible developmentally, cognitively, and emotionally to make a promise in the first place? And on the other hand, what compels one to keep a promise (or vow or threat) when there seems to be no personal advantage in doing so, and even when harm can be predicted? How do we know when a promise is offered seriously to be taken at face value, and how do we understand that another is only a polite gesture, not to be taken seriously? In Promises, Oaths, and Vows: On the Psychology of Promising, Herbert Schlesinger addresses these questions, drawing on the literature of moral development in children; the psychotherapy of a patient who regularly broke promises that were unnecessary in the first place; those who were regarded as "promising youngsters" who did not fulfill their "promise"; and those who feared making a promise, a commitment, or a threat out of fear that, once made, the utterance would take on a life of its own and could never be taken back. Furthermore, he illustrates his conclusions by examining the widespread use of promising in classical literature, such as Greek drama and the plays of Shakespeare, as well as the motivating and reifying power of the promise in Western religious traditions. With a style honed over the penning of two previous books, Schlesinger once again produces a work grounded in a firm analytic sensibility, but which also retains the wit and candor of the seasoned analyst. His seminal investigation of this all but neglected topic in the clinical literature is as timely as it is scholarly, and – with the title firmly in mind – Promises, Oaths, and Vows is assured to be a worthy addition to any clinician’s library and a provoking investigation into Nietzsche’s notion of man as "the animal who makes promises."
Description : Promises and Contract Law is the first modern work to explore the significance of promise to contract law from a comparative legal perspective. Part I explores the component elements of promise, its role in Greek thought and Roman law, the importance of the moral duty to keep promises and the development of promissory ideas in medieval legal scholarship. Part II considers the modern contract law of a number of legal systems from a promissory perspective. The focus is on the law of England, Germany and three mixed legal systems (Scotland, South Africa and Louisiana), though other legal systems are also mentioned. Major topics subjected to a promissory analysis include formation of contract, third party rights, contractual remedies and the renunciation of contractual rights. Part III analyses the future role which promise might play in contract law, especially within a harmonised European contract law.
Description : THIS BOOK makes no claim to literary merit. It is simply a work of research and documentation, giving evidence and facts which will help the reader in drawing his own conclusions. The book is not complete simply because it will never be complete. But for the present it is the best study of the root conditions which have led to present day subversive upheavals and the overthrow of the principles of Christian civilization. The book is a fascinating journey into the various occult traditions from the 16th century to the early 20th century and reveals secrets that have long been hidden. The author died under very mysterious circumstances and has taken much of the secrets with her into the grave. Did she find out too much? If you want to know everything about secret societies and conspiratory brotherhoods, this is yours. Be prepared for knowledge that reaches far beyond your current imagination. Excerpt from Contents: Contents: Foreword Chapter I - The Religion Of The Secret Chapter Ii - The Meaning Of Occultism Chapter Iii - Brahminism Chapter Iv - Mazdeism (Zoroastrianism) Chapter V - Confucianism And Taoism Chapter Vi - Egyptian Esoterism Chapter Vii - Judaism (The Pharisees) Chapter Viii - Orpheism And The Pagan Mysteries Chapter Ix - The Druids Chapter X - Christianity Chapter Xi - Manicheism Chapter Xii - Witchcraft Chapter Xiii - The Gnostics (The Heretics) Chapter Xiv - Lamaism Chapter Xv - The Yezidees (Devil Worshippers) Chapter Xvi - Orthodox Islam Chapter Xvii - Unorthodox Islam, The Ishmaelites. The Lodge Of Cairo Chapter Xviii - The Druses Chapter Xix - The Assassins Chapter Xx - The Knights Templar Chapter Xxi - Knights Of Malta Chapter Xxii - The Rosicrucians Chapter Xxiii - Cathares, Albigenses, Waldenses Chapter Xxiv - The Moravians Chapter Xxv - The Anabaptists Chapter Xxvi - Grand Lodge Of England (Founded 1717) Chapter Xxvii - The Gospel Of Revolution Chapter Xxviii - The Preparation Chapter Xxix - General Pepe And The " One Big Union " Chapter Xxx - Albert Pike And Giuseppe Mazzini Chapter Xxxi - Practical Politics Chapter Xxxii - Adriano Lemmi Chapter Xxxiii - The Interlocking Directorate Associations Of The 16th Century Chapter Xxxiv - The Illuminati Of Spain (Founded 1520) Chapter Xxxv - The Order Of The Jesuits (Founded 1541) Chapter Xxxvi - The Defenders (Roman Catholic) (Founded 1562) Associations Of The 17th Century Chapter Xxxvii - Ancient Order Of Hibernians (A. O. H.) (Roman Catholic) (Founded 1641) Chapter Xxxviii - Jansenism (Founded 1638) Chapter Xxxix - Camisards Of The Cevennes (Originating 1688) Associations Of The 18th Century Chapter Xl - The Rite Of Swedenborg Or Illuminati Of Stockholm (Founded 1721) Chapter Xli - Supreme Conseil And Grand Orient De France (Founded 1725) Chapter Xlii - The Convulsionaries Of St. Medard (Founded 1731) Chapter Xliii - The Royal Order Of Scotland (Founded 1750) Chapter Xliv - The Strict Observance (Founded 1751-52) Chapter Xlv - The Martinist Order (Founded 1754) Chapter Xlvi - The Illuminati Of Avignon (Founded 1760) Chapter Xlvii - Antient And Accepted Scottish Rite (America). — Chapter Xlviii - The Order Of The Mopse (Founded 1763) Chapter Xlix - The Rite Of Zinnendorf (Founded 1766) Chapter L - The Philaletes (Chercheurs De La Verite) (Founded 1773) Chapter Li - The Illuminati Of Bavaria (Founded 1776) Chapter Lii - The Tugendbund (Founded 1786) ... and much more ...
Description : From articles centering on the detailed and doctrinal exposition of the law to those which reside almost wholly within the realm of philosophical ethics, this volume affords comprehensive treatment to both sides of the philosophico-legal equation. Systematic and sustained coverage of the many dimensions of legal thought gives ample expression to the true breadth and depth of the philosophy of law, with coverage of: The modes of knowing and the kinds of normativity used in the law; Studies in international, constitutional, criminal, administrative, persons and property, contracts and tort law-including their historical origins and worldwide ramifications; Current legal cultures such as common law and civilian, European, and Aboriginal; Influential jurisprudents and their biographies; All influential schools and methods