Description : In response to growing national concern about the number of veterans who might be at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result of their military service, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to conduct a study on the diagnosis and assessment of, and treatment and compensation for PTSD. An existing IOM committee, the Committee on Gulf War and Health: Physiologic, Psychologic and Psychosocial Effects of Deployment-Related Stress, was asked to conduct the diagnosis, assessment, and treatment aspects of the study because its expertise was well-suited to the task. The committee was specifically tasked to review the scientific and medical literature related to the diagnosis and assessment of PTSD, and to review PTSD treatments (including psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy) and their efficacy. In addition, the committee was given a series of specific questions from VA regarding diagnosis, assessment, treatment, and compensation. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a brief elaboration of the committee's responses to VA's questions, not a detailed discussion of the procedures and tools that might be used in the diagnosis and assessment of PTSD. The committee decided to approach its task by separating diagnosis and assessment from treatment and preparing two reports. This first report focuses on diagnosis and assessment of PTSD. Given VA's request for the report to be completed within 6 months, the committee elected to rely primarily on reviews and other well-documented sources. A second report of this committee will focus on treatment for PTSD; it will be issued in December 2006. A separate committee, the Committee on Veterans' Compensation for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, has been established to conduct the compensation study; its report is expected to be issued in December 2006.
Description : Despite the growing interest in the role of psychological trauma in the genesis of psychiatric disorders, few volumes have addressed these issues from a multidisciplinary and international perspective. Given the complexity of reslience and posttraumatic disorder, and given ongoing trauma and violence in many parts of the world, it is crucial to apply such perspectives to review existing knowledge in the field and provide directions for future research. This book has a broad scope. A key focus is PTSD, because of its clinical and health importance, its obvious link with trauma, and its interest for many clinicians and researchers. However, the book also examines resilience and a range of mental health consequences of trauma, because it has become increasingly clear that not all individuals react to trauma in the same way. It is important for mental health professionals to be aware of the broad range of potential responses to trauma, as well as of relevant evidence-based treatments. The book includes chapters that address a wide range of topics on trauma-related disorders, including nosology and classification, epidemiology, neurobiology, pharmacotherapy, and psychotherapy. Each chapter comprises a critical review of the existing literature, aimed at being useful for the practitioner. This is followed by selected commentaries from other authorities on the topic, representing diverse geographical locations and points of view, who refine some of the perspectives offered in the review, provide alternative views, or suggest important areas of future work.
Description : Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) an illness that arises after horrific and life-threatening events? Or is it a label that medicalizes human suffering, and brings with it more problems than it solves? Still a relatively new diagnosis, PTSD has changed our vocabulary and shaped our views on human coping and resilience. Yet almost every assumption upon which the diagnosis rests has come under question. In this volume, Gerald Rosen brings together leading international scholars in posttraumatic studies to consider the most contentious debates. Each chapter offers an analysis of the issues, reviews current research, and clarifies implications for the practicing clinician. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Issues and Controversies is essential reading for all practitioners, researchers, and students who work in the field of trauma. Professionals in related health fields and the law will also find this book useful.
Description : Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, is a psychiatric disorder that can occur following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or violent personal assaults like rape. People who suffer from PTSD often relive the experience through nightmares and flashbacks, have difficulty sleeping, and feel detached or estranged, and these symptoms can be severe enough and last long enough to significantly impair the person's daily life. PTSD is marked by clear biological changes as well as psychological symptoms. PTSD is complicated by the fact that it frequently occurs in conjunction with related disorders such as depression, substance abuse, problems of memory and cognition, and other problems of physical and mental health. The disorder is also associated with impairment of the person's ability to function in social or family life, including occupational instability, marital problems and divorces. PTSD is associated with a number of distinctive neurobiological and physiological changes. PTSD is treated by a variety of forms of psychotherapy and drug therapy.
Description : Of all psychiatric disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) poses one of the greatest challenges to clinicians. Drs. Davidson and Foa, pioneers in the study of PTSD, have teamed up to edit this landmark volume. In Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: DSM-IV® and Beyond, members of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on PTSD present a comprehensive and fascinating review of the currently established knowledge about the etiology, epidemiology, neurobiology, course, and clinical presentations of posttraumatic stress syndromes and future directions for study.
Description : Building on this analysis, Brewin provides valuable information on who will be vulnerable to traumatic stress, how to tell whether someone is likely to be suffering from PTSD, why some interventions work and others are ineffective and what could and should be done to help survivors."--Jacket.
Description : The distress an individual experiences after an unusually disturbing event--a natural disaster, accident, crime--can be overwhelming. If the distress persists, the person may suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). A comprehensive guidebook for discovering and treating this disorder, Counseling for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder offers therapists techniques--illustrated by case examples--which can be applied to help PTSD sufferers. Distinguished authors begin with the hallmarks of PTSD--intrusive imagery, avoidance behavior, and uncharacteristic irritability--and discuss susceptibility factors. They point to two manifestations of PTSD, and highlight various methods needed for the effective treatment of acute and chronic cases. "This is one of a number of affordable, accessible short books in the Counseling in Practice Series.....well illustrated with suitable cases....There is much to commend this book...." --International Review of Psychiatry "There is much of relevance to the clinical practice of clinical psychologists. . . . The treatment approach described is solidly cognitive." --British Journal of Clinical Psychology "If what you are looking for is a purely cognitive-behavioral guide to counselling PTSD clients, then I unhesitatingly say that this is your book." --Counselling
Description : Praise for Clinician's Guide to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder "Rosen and Frueh's important book takes a huge leap toward clarity. The chapters are authored by leading experts in the field, and each addresses one of the pressing issues of the day. The tone is sensible and authoritative throughout, but always with a thoughtful ear toward clinical concerns and implications." —George A. Bonanno, PhD Professor of Clinical Psychology Teachers College, Columbia University "All clinicians and researchers dealing with anxiety disorders should have a copy of Rosen and Frueh's Clinician's Guide to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder on their shelves. Moreover, they should read it from cover to cover. This compilation . . . is authoritative, very readable, and extremely well crafted. The issues are looked at from many vantage points, including assessment and treatment, cross-cultural, cognitive, and categorical/political." —Michel Hersen, PhD, ABPP Editor, Journal of Anxiety Disorders Dean, School of Professional Psychology, Pacific University Clinician's Guide to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder brings together an international group of expert clinicians and researchers who address core issues facing mental health professionals, including: Assessing and treating trauma exposure and posttraumatic morbidity Controversies and clinical implications of differences of opinion among researchers on the definition and diagnosis of the condition Treating the full range of posttraumatic reactions Cross-cultural perspectives on posttraumatic stress
Description : This authored text-reference will be the first comprehensive text in the rapidly growing field of psychological trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder. According to the NIMH, approximately 5.2 million American adults already suffer from post traumatic stress disorder. Caused by everything from combat experience to violent personal assaults to natural disasters and accidents, the incidence of PTSD has already reached epidemic proportions. The profound impact of psychological trauma and the need for proactive and scientifically-based approaches to timely prevention and evidence based treatment is unarguable and mental health programs are seeing a significant rise in the number of PTSD courses offered and services required. As a result, scholars, researchers, educators, clinicians, and trainees in the health care and human and social services need a concise and comprehensive source of authoritative information on psychological trauma and posttraumatic stress. This volume will offer a foundational understanding of the field as well cover key controversies, the influence of culture and gender, and describe state-of-the-art research and clinical methodologies in down-to-earth terms. Clinical case studies will be used liberally. * Concise but comprehensive coverage of biological, clinical and social issues surrounding PTSD * Thoroughly covers evidence-based treatments, enabling the reader to translate current research into effective practice * Exemplifies practical application through case studies