Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Written By Jeanet Hendrikse
Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris
  • Publsiher : Academic Press
  • Release : 05 October 2015
  • ISBN : 0128043873
  • Pages : 142 pages
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or read book entitled Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris by author: Jeanet Hendrikse which was release on 05 October 2015 and published by Academic Press with total page 142 pages . This book available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris: A Guideline for Forensic Experts discusses and illustrates the characteristics of different ignitable liquid products. This guideline builds on the minimum criteria of the ignitable liquid classes defined in the internationally accepted standard ASTM E1618 Standard Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts from Fire Debris Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. The volume provides information on the origin of the characteristics of these ignitable liquid products and provides a summary of characteristics to demonstrate a positive identification of the particular product class. Topics such as the term ignitable liquid, relevant guidelines for fire debris analysis, production processes of ignitable liquids, fire debris analysis methods, and interferences in fire debris analysis, are briefly discussed as these topics are essential for the understanding of the identification and classification of ignitable liquid residues in fire debris. Discusses the characteristics and variations in chemical composition of different classes of the ignitable liquid products defined by ASTM E1618:14 Covers the General Production Processes of Ignitable Liquid Products Includes a guide for the Identification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris
  • Author : Jeanet Hendrikse,Michiel Grutters,Frank Schäfer
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-10-05
  • Total pages : 142
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris: A Guideline for Forensic Experts discusses and illustrates the characteristics of different ignitable liquid products. This guideline builds on the minimum criteria of the ignitable liquid classes defined in the internationally accepted standard ASTM E1618 Standard Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts ...

Determining the Presence of an Ignitable Liquid Residue in Fire Debris Samples Utilizing Target Factor Analysis

Determining the Presence of an Ignitable Liquid Residue in Fire Debris Samples Utilizing Target Factor Analysis
  • Author : Kelly M. McHugh
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Total pages : 106
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : Current fire debris analysis procedure involves using the chromatographic patterns of total ion chromatograms, extracted ion chromatograms, and target compound analysis to identify an ignitable liquid according to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E 1618 standard method. Classifying the ignitable liquid is accomplished by a visual comparison of ...

Statistical Assessment of the Probability of Correct Identification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris Analysis

Statistical Assessment of the Probability of Correct Identification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris Analysis
  • Author : United States. Department of Justice,Mary Williams,Erin Waddell
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Total pages : 114
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : Identification of ignitable liquid residues in the presence of background interferences, especially those arising from pyrolysis processes, is a major challenge for the fire debris analyst. The proposed research will lead to a mathematical model that allows for the detection of an ignitable liquid in a fire debris sample and ...

Fire Debris Analysis

Fire Debris Analysis
  • Author : Eric Stauffer,Julia A. Dolan,Reta Newman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2007-12-10
  • Total pages : 672
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : The study of fire debris analysis is vital to the function of all fire investigations, and, as such, Fire Debris Analysis is an essential resource for fire investigators. The present methods of analysis include the use of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, techniques which are well established and used ...

The Identification of Ignitable Liquids in the Presence of Pyrolysis Products

The Identification of Ignitable Liquids in the Presence of Pyrolysis Products
  • Author : Joseph Castelbuono
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Total pages : 122
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : The fire debris analyst is often faced with the complex problem of identifying ignitable liquid residues in the presence of products produced from pyrolysis and incomplete combustion of common building and furnishing materials. The purpose of this research is to investigate a modified destructive distillation methodology provided by the Florida ...

Application of Chemometrics and Fast GC MS Analysis for the Identification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris Samples

Application of Chemometrics and Fast GC MS Analysis for the Identification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris Samples
  • Author : Michael E. Sigman,Mary Williams
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Total pages : 44
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : The goal of the research conducted under this grant was to develop a chemometric method of data analysis that would facilitate the identification of GC-MS patterns associated with ignitable liquid classes, as designated under ASTM E 1618-10. The objective of the research was to develop a data analysis method that ...

Simulation of Fire Debris for the Training of Chemometric Models for the Identification of Ignitable Liquids

Simulation of Fire Debris for the Training of Chemometric Models for the Identification of Ignitable Liquids
  • Author : Xiao Qin Lee
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Total pages : 136
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : Arson is one of the most challenging crimes for forensic scientists to investigate. The variability in the composition of ignitable liquids, including changes in chemical composition during and after the fire, and the presence of pyrolysis products generated from burning substrates yields a very complex mixture of volatile compounds in ...

GC MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids

GC MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids
  • Author : Reta Newman,Michael W. Gilbert,Kevin Lothridge
  • Publisher : CRC-Press
  • Release Date : 1997-11-30
  • Total pages : 768
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : The rapidly increasing number of different ignitable liquid formulations available today poses a new challenge to fire debris analysts and other forensic chemistry specialists -- that of accurately identifying and classifying ignitable liquids with unfamiliar chromatographic patterns. GC-MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids addresses that challenge with a selection of more ...

Chemometric Applications to a Complex Classification Problem

Chemometric Applications to a Complex Classification Problem
  • Author : Erin Elizabeth Waddell
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Total pages : 298
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : Fire debris analysis currently relies on visual pattern recognition of the total ion chromatograms, extracted ion profiles, and target compound chromatograms to identify the presence of an ignitable liquid. This procedure is described in the ASTM International E1618-10 standard method. For large data sets, this methodology can be time ...

Forensic Analysis of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris by Comprehensive Two Dimensional Gas Chromatography

Forensic Analysis of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris by Comprehensive Two Dimensional Gas Chromatography
  • Author : GS. Frysinger,RB. Gaines
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Total pages : 12
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : The application of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) for the forensic analysis of ignitable liquids in fire debris is reported. GC × GC is a high resolution, multidimensional gas chromatographic method in which each component of a complex mixture is subjected to two independent chromatographic separations. The high resolving power ...

Review of GC MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids

Review of GC MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids
  • Author : ML. Fultz
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Total pages : 1
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : It is rare to find a book published for forensic examiners who perfoim fire debris analysis. This book addresses two issues for those involved in the identification of ignitable liquids recovered from fire debris; first, the increased availability of "speciality solvents" which do not fall into the five main categories ...

The Application of Chemometrics to the Detection and Classification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris Using the Total Ion Spectrum

The Application of Chemometrics to the Detection and Classification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris Using the Total Ion Spectrum
  • Author : Jennifer N. Lewis
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Total pages : 274
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : Current methods in ignitable liquid identification and classification from fire debris rely on pattern recognition of ignitable liquids in total ion chromatograms, extracted ion profiles, and target compound comparisons, as described in American Standards for Testing and Materials E1618-10. The total ion spectra method takes advantage of the reproducibility ...

Kinetically Modeling Total Ion Chromatograms and Extracted Ion Profiles to Identify Ignitable Liquids for Fire Debris Applications

Kinetically Modeling Total Ion Chromatograms and Extracted Ion Profiles to Identify Ignitable Liquids for Fire Debris Applications
  • Author : Briana Ashley Capistran
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Total pages : 175
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : Identification of ignitable liquids in fire debris samples is typically conducted via comparison of total ion chromatograms (TICs) of such samples to reference collections containing chromatograms of common liquids. Due to the extent of liquid evaporation in fires, reference collections often contain TICs of ignitable liquids that have been experimentally ...

A Study of the Effects of a Micelle Encapsulator Fire Suppression Agent on Dynamic Headspace Analysis of Fire Debris Samples

A Study of the Effects of a Micelle Encapsulator Fire Suppression Agent on Dynamic Headspace Analysis of Fire Debris Samples
  • Author : E. McGee,TL. Lang
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Total pages : 8
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : The effects of a Micelle Encapsulator Fire Suppression Agent (F-500, Hazard Control Technologies Inc., Fayetteville, Georgia) on the routine analysis of fire debris samples by Gas Chromatography (GC) were studied. When mixed with water the product can be used in the suppression of Class A and Class B fires. Laboratory ...

GC MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids

GC MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids
  • Author : Reta Newman,Michael W. Gilbert,Kevin Lothridge
  • Publisher : CRC-Press
  • Release Date : 1997-11-30
  • Total pages : 768
  • ISBN : 0128043873
GET BOOK

Summary : The rapidly increasing number of different ignitable liquid formulations available today poses a new challenge to fire debris analysts and other forensic chemistry specialists -- that of accurately identifying and classifying ignitable liquids with unfamiliar chromatographic patterns. GC-MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids addresses that challenge with a selection of more ...