General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues

Written By Anonim
General Philosophy of Science  Focal Issues
  • Publsiher : Elsevier
  • Release : 18 July 2007
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
  • Pages : 708 pages
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or read book entitled General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues by author: Anonim which was release on 18 July 2007 and published by Elsevier with total page 708 pages . This book available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Scientists use concepts and principles that are partly specific for their subject matter, but they also share part of them with colleagues working in different fields. Compare the biological notion of a 'natural kind' with the general notion of 'confirmation' of a hypothesis by certain evidence. Or compare the physical principle of the 'conservation of energy' and the general principle of 'the unity of science'. Scientists agree that all such notions and principles aren't as crystal clear as one might wish. An important task of the philosophy of the special sciences, such as philosophy of physics, of biology and of economics, to mention only a few of the many flourishing examples, is the clarification of such subject specific concepts and principles. Similarly, an important task of 'general' philosophy of science is the clarification of concepts like 'confirmation' and principles like 'the unity of science'. It is evident that clarfication of concepts and principles only makes sense if one tries to do justice, as much as possible, to the actual use of these notions by scientists, without however following this use slavishly. That is, occasionally a philosopher may have good reasons for suggesting to scientists that they should deviate from a standard use. Frequently, this amounts to a plea for differentiation in order to stop debates at cross-purposes due to the conflation of different meanings. While the special volumes of the series of Handbooks of the Philosophy of Science address topics relative to a specific discipline, this general volume deals with focal issues of a general nature. After an editorial introduction about the dominant method of clarifying concepts and principles in philosophy of science, called explication, the first five chapters deal with the following subjects. Laws, theories, and research programs as units of empirical knowledge (Theo Kuipers), various past and contemporary perspectives on explanation (Stathis Psillos), the evaluation of theories in terms of their virtues (Ilkka Niiniluto), and the role of experiments in the natural sciences, notably physics and biology (Allan Franklin), and their role in the social sciences, notably economics (Wenceslao Gonzalez). In the subsequent three chapters there is even more attention to various positions and methods that philosophers of science and scientists may favor: ontological, epistemological, and methodological positions (James Ladyman), reduction, integration, and the unity of science as aims in the sciences and the humanities (William Bechtel and Andrew Hamilton), and logical, historical and computational approaches to the philosophy of science (Atocha Aliseda and Donald Gillies). The volume concludes with the much debated question of demarcating science from nonscience (Martin Mahner) and the rich European-American history of the philosophy of science in the 20th century (Friedrich Stadler). Comprehensive coverage of the philosophy of science written by leading philosophers in this field Clear style of writing for an interdisciplinary audience No specific pre-knowledge required

General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues

General Philosophy of Science  Focal Issues
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-07-18
  • Total pages : 708
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : Scientists use concepts and principles that are partly specific for their subject matter, but they also share part of them with colleagues working in different fields. Compare the biological notion of a 'natural kind' with the general notion of 'confirmation' of a hypothesis by certain evidence. Or compare the physical ...

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Paul Humphreys
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-08-04
  • Total pages : 960
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : This handbook provides both an overview of state-of-the-art scholarship in philosophy of science, as well as a guide to new directions in the discipline. Section I contains broad overviews of the main lines of research and the state of established knowledge in six principal areas of the discipline, including computational, ...

Journal for General Philosophy of Science

Journal for General Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : Read online Journal for General Philosophy of Science written by , published by which was released on 2002. Download full Journal for General Philosophy of Science Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Rudolf Carnap,Martin Gardner
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release Date : 1995-01-17
  • Total pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : Stimulating, thought-provoking text by one of the 20th century's most creative philosophers makes accessible such topics as probability, measurement and quantitative language, causality and determinism, theoretical laws and concepts, more....

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-11-27
  • Total pages : 1472
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifacts and systems. These issues include the nature of design, of technological knowledge, and ...

The Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Richard Boyd,Philip Gasper,J. D. Trout
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Total pages : 800
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : Using formal logic, Reconstructing the Past seeks to clarify and resolve themethodological issues that arise when biologists try to answer such questions as whether humanbeings are more closely related to chimps than they are to gorillas. It explores the case forconsidering the philosophical idea of simplicity/parsimony as a useful ...

Feminism Science and the Philosophy of Science

Feminism  Science  and the Philosophy of Science
  • Author : J. Nelson
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1997-08-31
  • Total pages : 316
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : Feminism, Science, and the Philosophy of Science brings together original essays by both feminist and mainstream philosophers of science that examine issues at the intersections of feminism, science, and the philosophy of science. Contributors explore parallels and tensions between feminist approaches to science and other approaches in the philosophy of ...

Meta Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science

Meta Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science
  • Author : Maria Cristina Amoretti,Nicla Vassallo
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-03-30
  • Total pages : 222
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : This volume offers a meta-philosophical reflection on feminist philosophies of science. It emphasizes and discusses both the connections and differences between "traditional" philosophies of science and feminist philosophies of science. The collection systematically analyses feminist contributions to the various philosophies of specific sciences. Each chapter is devoted to a specific ...

Characterizing the Robustness of Science

Characterizing the Robustness of Science
  • Author : Léna Soler,Emiliano Trizio,Thomas Nickles,William Wimsatt
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-03-23
  • Total pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : Mature sciences have been long been characterized in terms of the “successfulness”, “reliability” or “trustworthiness” of their theoretical, experimental or technical accomplishments. Today many philosophers of science talk of “robustness”, often without specifying in a precise way the meaning of this term. This lack of clarity is the cause of ...

Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry
  • Author : Eric R. Scerri,Grant Andrew Fisher
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Total pages : 410
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : The philosophy of chemistry has emerged in recent years as a new and autonomous field within the Anglo-American philosophical tradition. With the development of this new discipline, Eric Scerri and Grant Fisher's "Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry" is a timely and definitive guide to all current thought in this ...

Science Between Truth and Ethical Responsibility

Science Between Truth and Ethical Responsibility
  • Author : Mario Alai,Marco Buzzoni,Gino Tarozzi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-04-30
  • Total pages : 337
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : This book offers the most complete and up-to-date overview of the philosophical work of Evandro Agazzi, presently the most important Italian philosopher of science and one of the most influential in the world. Scholars from seven countries explore his contributions in areas ranging from philosophy of physics and general philosophy ...

The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science

The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Friedrich Stadler
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-05-19
  • Total pages : 325
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : This volume is a serious attempt to open up the subject of European philosophy of science to real thought, and provide the structural basis for the interdisciplinary development of its specialist fields, but also to provoke reflection on the idea of ‘European philosophy of science’. This efforts should foster a ...

Philosophy of Economics

Philosophy of Economics
  • Author : Uskali Mäki
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Total pages : 903
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : Part of the Handbook of the Philosophy of Science Series edited by: Dov M. Gabbay King's College, London, UK; Paul Thagard University of Waterloo, Canada; and John Woods University of British Columbia, Canada. Philosophy of Economics investigates the foundational concepts and methods of economics, the social science that analyzes the ...

Philosophy of Chemistry

Philosophy of Chemistry
  • Author : Hrvoj Vančik
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : Read online Philosophy of Chemistry written by Hrvoj Vančik, published by Springer Nature which was released on 2011. Download full Philosophy of Chemistry Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

The Philosophy of Science and Communication Theory

The Philosophy of Science and Communication Theory
  • Author : Charles Pavitt
  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Total pages : 355
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
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Summary : The is not an attempt to provide an overview of theories in communication. Nor is it an attempt to provide a complete picture of approaches to communication theory. The book is an attempt to defend a very general empiricist approach to the scientific study of communication. The author is referring ...