Free Trade Today

Free Trade Today

Author by : Jagdish N. Bhagwati
Language : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
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File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : Free trade, indeed economic globalization generally, is under siege. The conventional arguments for protectionism have been discredited but not banished. And free trade faces strong new challenges from a variety of groups, including environmentalists and human rights activists as well as traditional lobbies who wrap their agendas in the language of justice and rights. These groups, claiming a general interest and denouncing free trade as a special interest of corporations and other capitalist forces, have organized large and vocal protests in Seattle, Prague, and elsewhere. Based on his acclaimed Stockholm lectures and picking up where his widely influential Protectionism left off, Jagdish Bhagwati applies critical insights from revolutionary developments in commercial policy theory--many his own--to show how the pursuit of social and environmental agendas can be creatively reconciled with the pursuit of free trade. Indeed, he argues that free trade, by raising living standards, can serve these agendas far better than can a descent into trade sanctions and restrictions. After settling the score in favor of free trade, Professor Bhagwati considers alternative ways in which it can be pursued. Chiefly, he argues in support of multilateralism and advances a withering critique of recent bilateral and regional free trade agreements (including NAFTA) as preferential arrangements that introduce growing chaos into the world trading system. He also makes a strong case for "going it alone" on the road to trade liberalization and endorses the reemergence of unilateral liberalization at points around the globe. Forcefully, elegantly, and clearly written for the public by one of the foremost economic thinkers of our day, this volume is not merely accessible but essential reading for anyone interested in economic policy or in the world economy.


Free Trade Free World

Free Trade Free World

Author by : Thomas W. Zeiler
Language : en
Publisher by : UNC Press Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 367
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : In this era of globalization, it is easy to forget that today's free market values were not always predominant. But as this history of the birth of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) shows, the principles and practices underlying our current international economy once represented contested ground between U.S. policymakers, Congress, and America's closest allies. Here, Thomas Zeiler shows how the diplomatic and political considerations of the Cold War shaped American trade policy during the critical years from 1940 to 1953. Zeiler traces the debate between proponents of free trade and advocates of protectionism, showing how and why a compromise ultimately triumphed. Placing a liberal trade policy in the service of diplomacy as a means of confronting communism, American officials forged a consensus among politicians of all stripes for freer_if not free_trade that persists to this day. Constructed from inherently contradictory impulses, the system of international trade that evolved under GATT was flexible enough to promote American economic and political interests both at home and abroad, says Zeiler, and it is just such flexibility that has allowed GATT to endure.


The Selling Of Free Trade

The Selling Of Free Trade

Author by : John R. MacArthur
Language : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 471
File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : "If there is spin, there is counterspin: The Selling of 'Free Trade' is a devastating unraveling of yet another Bill Clinton con job. MacArthur tells the NAFTA story in the voices of those who did the spinning and those who suffered from it. It doesn't get much better."—Seymour M. Hersh "A gripping and fresh analysis of the corporate construction of an onrushing NAFTA and the human damage in its wake. MacArthur demonstrates what happens when an underdeveloped democracy is confronted by an overdeveloped corporation-governmental oligarchy."—Ralph Nader, consumer advocate.


Free Trade Nation

Free Trade Nation

Author by : Frank Trentmann
Language : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 636
File Size : 55,8 Mb
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Description : This is the story of free trade in 19th century Britain, its contribution to the development of Britain's democratic culture, and the unravelling of the free trade movement in the wake of the First World War.


Free Trade

Free Trade

Author by : Ian MacDonald
Language : en
Publisher by : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 323
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : Free Trade provides a historical framework for ongoing discussion of economic and environmental issues. While there is empirical evidence on trade flows - they increased dramatically in both directions - the debate on related issues continues. The impact of free trade on jobs and manufacturing productivity, the effectiveness of dispute settlement, the growth of foreign direct investment, the absence of adjustment programs, and the consequences for social programs are all issues for spirited discussion. Many of the leading actors in shaping both the FTA and NAFTA participated in the conference, including former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, former President George Bush, former U.S. Treasury Secretary and Secretary of State James Baker, former Canadian Trade Ministers John Crosbie and Michael Wilson, former U.S. Trade Ambassadors Clayton Yeutter and Carla Hills, as well as former Mexican Trade Minister Jaime Serra Puche. Other senior officials included Canada's Derek Burney and Simon Reisman. Donald S. Macdonald, chairman of the landmark Royal Commission that recommended the "leap of faith" of free trade, gave the keynote address. A Royal Bank of Canada impact study, "Two Cheers for the FTA," provided a baseline for discussion by a panel of eminent economists from all three NAFTA countries, and strong defences of positions against free trade included presentations by Andrew Jackson of the Canadian Labour Congress (CLC), Jim Stanford of the Canadian Auto Workers (CAW), and Gerald Larose of Quebec's Conseil des syndicats nationaux (CSN). Participants from the provinces included former Ontario Premier Bob Rae, while NAFTA and the environment were considered by a panel led by former Quebec Premier Pierre Marc Johnson and joined by Quebec Liberal Leader Jean Charest. Other participants included Jean Anderson, Laurent Beaudoin, Fernando Clavijo, Thomas d'Aquino, William Dymond, Francis Fox, Jonathan Fried, Michael Hart, Stanley Hartt, Richard Lipsey, Victor Lichtinger, John McCallum, Peter McPherson, Jacques Ménard, William Merkin, Simon Potter, Charles E. Roh, David Schorr, Charles Sirois, Guy Stanley, Yvonne Stinson, Peter Watson, William Watson, L.R. Wilson, and Paul Wonnacott. Free Trade: Risks and Rewards is an important reminder of why the issue was so passionately debated at the time and why it remains important.


North American Free Trade

North American Free Trade

Author by : Gary Clyde Hufbauer
Language : en
Publisher by : Peterson Institute
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 718
File Size : 47,7 Mb
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Description : Negotiations toward a North American free trade area (FTA) started in early 1991. This study assesses the impact such negotiations would have on the US and Mexican economies, the goals of a North American ETA, and the implications for world trade relations. Three main topics are examined: the goals of the United States, Mexico, and Canada in pursuing closer trade ties, and the appropriate modalities and timetable for achieving those objectives; the implications of prospective negotiations: what should and should not be on the table, how the US-Canada model could be applied, and/or how that model would need to be modified; and the implications for the world trading system in light of the results of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations in the GATT.


The Free Trade Papers

The Free Trade Papers

Author by : Duncan Cameron
Language : en
Publisher by : James Lorimer & Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 864
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : Before it was a fact of life, free trade was a much-debated issue in Canadian politics. The Free Trade Papers strips away the rhetoric and shows just what the key players--both American and Canadian--hoped to win and feared to lose under free trade. Duncan Cameron has identified the key documents expressing the views of both the boosters and critics of free trade, including private communications from President Reagan and U.S. trade ambassador Peter Murphy. Statements of dissent and some excellent political journalism are included in this volume, along with important research on the economic basis of free trade. The Free Trade Papers offers a vital, immediate primer of one of the most contentious debates in twentieth-century Canadian history.


The Rise Of Free Trade

The Rise Of Free Trade

Author by : Cheryl Schonhardt-Bailey
Language : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 119
File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : Why was Britain the first country to opt for unilateral free trade 150 years ago? On 16 May 1846, the House of Commons voted to abolish tariff protection for agriculture - the famous 'repeal of the Corn Laws'. Britain then adhered to her free trade policy despite both her relative economic decline and the protectionist policies of her leading trade rivals, the USA and Germany.This four volume set examines and explains the contentious issues surrounding the policy shift to free trade and the subsequent persistence of that policy. This set provides a comprehensive collection of articles including previously unpublished material on nineteenth century British trade policy and a new and comprehensive introduction by the editor putting the material into context.


Free Trade

Free Trade

Author by : Graham Dunkley
Language : en
Publisher by : Zed Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 613
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : In this book Australian economist, Graham Dunkley, explains and critiques the crucial concept of free trade. A policy of free trade is central to today's world-dominating globalization project. The more euphoric globalists uncritically assume that it has universal and unequivocal benefits for all people and countries. And the perpetual negotiations of the World Trade Organization are wholly based on this presumption.Graham Dunkley shows, however, that leading economists have always been more sceptical about free trade doctrine than the dogmatic globalizers realize. There are more holes in free trade theory than its advocates grasp. And the benefits of free trade in practice are more limited and contingent than they acknowledge.He also argues that the World Bank's long-time push for export-led development is misguided. A more democratic world trading order is necessary and possible. And more interventionist, self-reliant trade policies are feasible, especially if a more holistic view of economic development goals is adopted.


The Free Trade Adventure

The Free Trade Adventure

Author by : Graham Dunkley
Language : en
Publisher by : Zed Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 866
File Size : 48,7 Mb
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Description : Free trade lies at the heart of the new era of globalization. This superb account explains the theory of free trade and how it has been put into practice. The author reviews the history of 20th century trade agreements. He traces what happened to GATT, with its quite narrow ambit, before the USA pushed the world into the Uruguay Round. He also examines the benefits and hidden costs of the WTO Agreements in both economic and non-economic terms.