Assessing Cellular Microstructure in Biological Tissues using In Vivo Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance

Written By Julien Valette
Assessing Cellular Microstructure in Biological Tissues using In Vivo Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance
  • Publsiher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 16 May 2019
  • ISBN : 2889458415
  • Pages : pages
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Download or read book entitled Assessing Cellular Microstructure in Biological Tissues using In Vivo Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance by author: Julien Valette which was release on 16 May 2019 and published by Frontiers Media SA with total page pages . This book available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS) techniques have opened new doors for examining biological tissues in vivo. By combining sensitization to diffusion using magnetic field gradients with a variety of imaging and localization schemes, diffusion-weighted MRI and diffusion-weighted MRS allow investigating translational diffusion of endogenous molecules, such as water or metabolites, in biological tissues, most commonly the brain but also other organs such as the prostate. The typical voxel resolution of MRI or MRS is in the millimeter to centimeter range, much lower than the cellular scale. However, as molecules are typically diffusing over just a few µm during the duration of the measurement (the “diffusion time”) and encounter numerous biological membranes at these scales, the average cellular microstructure has a critical influence on the measured diffusion signal. Hence, diffusion-weighted MRI and diffusion-weighted MRS are sensitive to tissue microstructure at a scale well below the nominal imaging resolution. However, the connection between diffusion properties and tissue microstructure remains indirect, so any attempt to quantify microstructure will rely on modeling. The goal of this Research Topic was to gather experts in various acquisition and modeling strategies and show how these approaches, despite their own strengths and weaknesses, can yield unique information about cellular microstructure, and sometimes complement each other.

Assessing Cellular Microstructure in Biological Tissues using In Vivo Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance

Assessing Cellular Microstructure in Biological Tissues using In Vivo Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance
  • Author : Julien Valette,Itamar Ronen,Sune Nørhøj Jespersen
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2019-05-16
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS) techniques have opened new doors for examining biological tissues in vivo. By combining sensitization to diffusion using magnetic field gradients with a variety of imaging and localization schemes, diffusion-weighted MRI and diffusion-weighted MRS allow investigating translational diffusion of endogenous molecules, such as water ...

Diffusion MRI for Well posed and Optimal White Matter Microstructure Characterisation

Diffusion MRI for Well posed and Optimal White Matter Microstructure Characterisation
  • Author : Santiago Coelho
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Read online Diffusion MRI for Well posed and Optimal White Matter Microstructure Characterisation written by Santiago Coelho, published by which was released on 2019. Download full Diffusion MRI for Well posed and Optimal White Matter Microstructure Characterisation Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Diffusion MRI and Microstructure

Diffusion MRI and Microstructure
  • Author : Valerij G. Kiselev,Dmitry S. Novikov
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-15
  • Total pages : 250
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Measuring diffusion using Magnetic Resonance (MR) is the prime modality of accessing the micrometer-level structure of biological tissues that fall below the nominal spatial resolution of NMR and MRI. The interest in this field has grown exponentially, and is viewed as the principal instrument for a non-invasive investigation of the ...

Characterization of Tumor Microstructures with Diffusion weighted MRI

Characterization of Tumor Microstructures with Diffusion weighted MRI
  • Author : Shu Xing
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : "Cancerous tumors are often heterogenous in their cellular composition and morphology. The tumor subregions can differ in many properties including growth rate, ability to metastasize, immunological characteristics, and sensitivity to therapies. Characterizing the tumor microenvironment could be beneficial for cancer diagnosis and the development of targeted therapy. Diffusion-weighted MRI is ...

The Effect of Tumour Microstructure on Diffusion weighted MRI Measurements

The Effect of Tumour Microstructure on Diffusion weighted MRI Measurements
  • Author : Damien Joseph McHugh
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Read online The Effect of Tumour Microstructure on Diffusion weighted MRI Measurements written by Damien Joseph McHugh, published by which was released on 2015. Download full The Effect of Tumour Microstructure on Diffusion weighted MRI Measurements Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Heidi Johansen-Berg,Timothy E.J. Behrens
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2009-04-28
  • Total pages : 502
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Diffusion MRI is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method that produces in vivo images of biological tissues weighted with the local microstructural characteristics of water diffusion, providing an effective means of visualizing functional connectivities in the nervous system. This book is the first comprehensive reference promoting the understanding of this ...

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry
  • Author : John R. Geddes,Nancy C. Andreasen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020-02-20
  • Total pages : 1504
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Over its two editions, The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry has come to be regarded as one of the most popular and trusted standard psychiatry texts among psychiatrists and trainees. Bringing together 146 chapters from the leading figures in the discipline, it presents a comprehensive account of clinical psychiatry, with reference ...

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Elisenda Bonet-Carne,Francesco Grussu,Lipeng Ning,Farshid Sepehrband,Chantal M. W. Tax
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-04-23
  • Total pages : 390
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : This volume gathers papers presented at the Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI (CDMRI’18), which was held under the auspices of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention in Granada, Spain on September 20, 2018. It presents the latest developments in the highly active and rapidly growing field of ...

Characterization of Microstructures with Diffusion MRI

Characterization of Microstructures with Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Marco Bertleff
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Read online Characterization of Microstructures with Diffusion MRI written by Marco Bertleff, published by which was released on 2018. Download full Characterization of Microstructures with Diffusion MRI Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Investigating Microstructure in the Brain Using Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Investigating Microstructure in the Brain Using Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Author : Seyed Hamed Yousefi Mesri
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Total pages : 136
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Read online Investigating Microstructure in the Brain Using Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging written by Seyed Hamed Yousefi Mesri, published by which was released on 2014. Download full Investigating Microstructure in the Brain Using Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

In Vivo Quantification of Cardiac Microstructure with Convex Optimized Diffusion Weighted MRI

In Vivo Quantification of Cardiac Microstructure with Convex Optimized Diffusion Weighted MRI
  • Author : Eric Aliotta
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2017
  • Total pages : 196
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is a powerful quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that can probe tissues in vivo at the microscopic level and provide insight into cellular microstructural environment. Cardiac DWI has great potential value in its ability to answer open questions regarding myocardial structure, dynamics, and remodeling. Unfortunately, ...

Evaluation of Myocardial Microstructure in Congenital Heart Diseases with Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Evaluation of Myocardial Microstructure in Congenital Heart Diseases with Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Author : Cyril Tous
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019
  • Total pages : 1086
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : New Zealand has a long history with studying congenital heart disease (CHD) and has one of the oldest collections of hearts that dates back to the 1950s. These pathological specimens can provide insight into the characteristics of CHD across particular patient groups. The work in this thesis details the development ...

Diffusion Encoding Waveform Design for Mapping Microstructure in the Human Brain

Diffusion Encoding Waveform Design for Mapping Microstructure in the Human Brain
  • Author : Grant Kaijuin Yang
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Diffusion MRI is a non-invasive method of measuring the diffusion of water molecules in biological tissue. The patterns of water diffusion reflect the underlying tissue microstructure, which hinders or restricts the displacement of water. Changes in diffusion reflect microstructural changes that can be critical for clinical diagnosis, disease monitoring, and ...

Microstructural Imaging of the Human Spinal Cord with Advanced Diffusion MRI

Microstructural Imaging of the Human Spinal Cord with Advanced Diffusion MRI
  • Author : F. Grussu
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : Read online Microstructural Imaging of the Human Spinal Cord with Advanced Diffusion MRI written by F. Grussu, published by which was released on 2016. Download full Microstructural Imaging of the Human Spinal Cord with Advanced Diffusion MRI Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Author : Wim Van Hecke,Louise Emsell,Stefan Sunaert
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-12-14
  • Total pages : 440
  • ISBN : 2889458415
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Summary : This book provides an overview of the practical aspects of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), from understanding the basis of the technique through selection of the right protocols, trouble-shooting data quality, and analyzing DTI data optimally. DTI is a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for visualizing and quantifying tissue microstructure ...