Description : Over the past 20 years, the study of superprocesses has expanded into a major industry and can now be regarded as a central theme in modern probability theory. This book is intended as a rapid introduction to the subject, geared toward graduate students and researchers in stochastic analysis. A variety of different approaches to the superprocesses emerged over the last ten years. Yet no one approach superseded any others. In this book, readers are exposed to a number of different ways of thinking about the processes, and each is used to motivate some key results. The emphasis is on why results are true rather than on rigorous proof. Specific results are given, including extensive references to current literature for their general form.
Description : For about half a century, two classes of stochastic processes--Gaussian processes and processes with independent increments--have played an important role in the development of stochastic analysis and its applications. During the last decade, a third class--branching measure-valued (BMV) processes--has also been the subject of much research. A common feature of all three classes is that their finite-dimensional distributions are infinitely divisible, allowing the use of the powerful analytic tool of Laplace (or Fourier) transforms. All three classes, in an infinite-dimensional setting, provide means for study of physical systems with infinitely many degrees of freedom. This is the first monograph devoted to the theory of BMV processes. Dynkin first constructs a large class of BMV processes, called superprocesses, by passing to the limit from branching particle systems. Then he proves that, under certain restrictions, a general BMV process is a superprocess. A special chapter is devoted to the connections between superprocesses and a class of nonlinear partial differential equations recently discovered by Dynkin.
Description : This is the only book discussing multifractal properties of densities of stable superprocesses, containing latest achievements while also giving the reader a comprehensive picture of the state of the art in this area. It is a self-contained presentation of regularity properties of stable superprocesses and proofs of main results and can serve as an introductory text for a graduate course. There are many heuristic explanations of technically involved results and proofs and the reader can get a clear intuitive picture behind the results and techniques.
Description : Sergei Kuznetsov is one of the top experts on measure valued branching processes (also known as “superprocesses”) and their connection to nonlinear partial differential operators. His research interests range from stochastic processes and partial differential equations to mathematical statistics, time series analysis and statistical software; he has over 90 papers published in international research journals. His most well known contribution to probability theory is the "Kuznetsov-measure." A conference honoring his 60th birthday has been organized at Boulder, Colorado in the summer of 2010, with the participation of Sergei Kuznetsov’s mentor and major co-author, Eugene Dynkin. The conference focused on topics related to superprocesses, branching diffusions and nonlinear partial differential equations. In particular, connections to the so-called “Kuznetsov-measure” were emphasized. Leading experts in the field as well as young researchers contributed to the conference. The meeting was organized by J. Englander and B. Rider (U. of Colorado).
Description : This volume contains lectures given at the Saint-Flour Summer School of Probability Theory during the period 8th-24th July, 1999. We thank the authors for all the hard work they accomplished. Their lectures are a work of reference in their domain. The School brought together 85 participants, 31 of whom gave a lecture concerning their research work. At the end of this volume you will find the list of participants and their papers. Finally, to facilitate research concerning previous schools we give here the number of the volume of "Lecture Notes" where they can be found: Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1975: n ° 539- 1971: n ° 307- 1973: n ° 390- 1974: n ° 480- 1979: n ° 876- 1976: n ° 598- 1977: n ° 678- 1978: n ° 774- 1980: n ° 929- 1981: n ° 976- 1982: n ° 1097- 1983: n ° 1117- 1988: n ° 1427- 1984: n ° 1180- 1985-1986 et 1987: n ° 1362- 1989: n ° 1464- 1990: n ° 1527- 1991: n ° 1541- 1992: n ° 1581- 1993: n ° 1608- 1994: n ° 1648- 1995: n ° 1690- 1996: n ° 1665- 1997: n ° 1717- 1998: n ° 1738- Lecture Notes in Statistics 1971: n ° 307- Table of Contents Part I Erwin Bolthausen: Large Deviations and Interacting Random Walks 1 On the construction of the three-dimensional polymer measure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2 Self-attracting random walks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 3 One-dimensional pinning-depinning transitions. . . . . . . . . . . 105 References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description : Providing a broad overview of the current state of the art in probability theory and its applications, and featuring an article coauthored by Mark Yor, this volume contains contributions on branching processes, Lévy processes, random walks and martingales and their connection with, among other topics, rough paths, semi-groups, heat kernel asymptotics and mathematical finance.
Description : In 1989 the first edition of this book set out Gittins' pioneering index solution to the multi-armed bandit problem and his subsequent investigation of a wide of sequential resource allocation and stochastic scheduling problems. Since then there has been a remarkable flowering of new insights, generalizations and applications, to which Glazebrook and Weber have made major contributions. This second edition brings the story up to date. There are new chapters on the achievable region approach to stochastic optimization problems, the construction of performance bounds for suboptimal policies, Whittle's restless bandits, and the use of Lagrangian relaxation in the construction and evaluation of index policies. Some of the many varied proofs of the index theorem are discussed along with the insights that they provide. Many contemporary applications are surveyed, and over 150 new references are included. Over the past 40 years the Gittins index has helped theoreticians and practitioners to address a huge variety of problems within chemometrics, economics, engineering, numerical analysis, operational research, probability, statistics and website design. This new edition will be an important resource for others wishing to use this approach.
Description : Eugene Dynkin is a rare example of a contemporary mathematician who has achieved outstanding results in two quite different areas of research: algebra and probability. In both areas, his ideas constitute an essential part of modern mathematical knowledge and form a basis for further development. Although his last work in algebra was published in 1955, his contributions continue to influence current research in algebra and in the physics of elementary particles. His work in probability is part of both the historical and the modern development of the topic. This volume presents Dynkin's scientific contributions in both areas. Included are Commentary by recognized experts in the corresponding fields who describe the time, place, role, and impact of Dynkin's research and achievements. Biographical notes and the recollections of his students are also featured.
Description : The study of measure-valued processes in random environments has seen some intensive research activities in recent years whereby interesting nonlinear stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs) were derived. Due to the nonlinearity and the non-Lipschitz continuity of their coefficients, new techniques and concepts have recently been developed for the study of such SPDEs. These include the conditional Laplace transform technique, the conditional mild solution, and the bridge between SPDEs and some kind of backward stochastic differential equations. This volume provides an introduction to these topics with the aim of attracting more researchers into this exciting and young area of research. It can be considered as the first book of its kind. The tools introduced and developed for the study of measure-valued processes in random environments can be used in a much broader area of nonlinear SPDEs. Contents:Introduction to SuperprocessesSuperprocesses in Random EnvironmentsLinear SPDEParticle Representations for a Class of Nonlinear SPDEsStochastic Log-Laplace EquationSPDEs for Density Fields of the Superprocesses in Random EnvironmentBackward Doubly Stochastic Differential EquationsFrom SPDE to BSDE Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the area of stochastic processes and applications. Keywords:Stochastic Partial Differential Equation;Superprocess in Random Environment;Backward Stochastic Differential EquationKey Features:Techniques are developed for specific SPDEs instead of for general SPDEs where the coefficients are not Lipschitz and the equations are highly nonlinearThe connection between SPDEs and backward stochastic differential equations are introducedFirst book in the area of measure-valued processes in random environmentsReviews: “The results presented in this monograph are due mainly to J. Xiong and his collaborators, but have been hitherto scattered in journal papers. Therefore, a book gathering them together and making them easily available is of interest for researchers in the field of measure-valued processes and/or stochastic partial differential equations.” Zentralblatt MATH “The book is based essentially on the various articles of Xiong on stochastic partial differential equations. The reader will profit from a tasteful selection of the material and from a focused and self-contained presentation.” Jahresber Dtsch Math