Description : Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Trauma models of mental disorder (alternatively called trauma models of psychopathology) emphasise the effects of psychological trauma, particularly in early development, as the key causal factor in the development of some or many psychiatric disorders (in addition to post-traumatic stress disorder). Trauma models are typically founded on the view that traumatic experiences (including but not limited to actual physical or sexual abuse) are more common or more serious than thought in the histories of those diagnosed with mental disorders. Such models have traditionally been associated with psychoanalytic approaches, notably Sigmund Freud's early ideas on childhood sexual abuse and hysteria. John Bowlby, who developed Attachment theory, also describes many forms of mental illness as based on early childhood trauma. In addition there is significant research supporting the linkage between early experiences of chronic maltreatment and later problems.
Description : In The Trauma Model, Dr. Ross provides a detailed, scientifically testable method of mental illness. He defines the problem of comorbidity as the central conceptual problem in psychiatry at the beginning of the twenty-first century, then solves it using the logic and predictions of the trauma model. A person with extensive comorbidity suffers from many different psychiatric disorders at the same time including depression, substance abuse, anxiety and eating disorders, psychotic symptoms and personality disorders. Most individuals requiring inpatient psychiatric treatment fit the clinical profile of the trauma model. Dr. Ross also provides a detailed description of trauma therapy, which is suitable for a wide range of addictions, self-destructive behaviors and symptoms. General principles and specific techniques are described and illustrated with dialogue from composite case examples.
Description : This text describes how to achieve improved outcomes for infants growing up in situations of risk, particularly in the area of the parents' mental health and related psychosocial circumstances that may impair parental functioning.
Description : Mental, physical, or sexual abuse in close personal relationships commonly results in trauma that is very different from the trauma of accidents, illness, or war. Little is more intellectually challenging, emotionally demanding, and difficult than therapeutic work with survivors of such traumatic personal relationships and those close to them. This book provides psychologists, psychiatrists, nurses, and counsellors with a powerful conceptual framework and a concise, masterly review of a huge knowledge base that will support and guide treatment and prevention programmes for these serious problems. This volume:synthesises extensive clinical experience with a comprehensive review of the clinical and research literature presents a unique developmental perspective informed by attachment theory, while integrating key aspects of evolutionary, neurobiological, cognitive behavioural, interpersonal, and psychodynamic concepts explains not only how trauma creates extreme distress in the patient, particularly as manifested in PTSD, but also how it undermines the individual''s ability to cope with such distress delineates the significant contribution of trauma to other serious disorders, including dissociative disturbances, depression, drug abuse, eating disorders, self-harm, and personality disorders The key elements of successful interventions are the engagement and motivation of the patient. This book provides therapists with the framework, knowledge base, and practical guidelines for educating patients and those close to them about the nature of trauma, its consequences, and treatment. The author presents in detail his own "tried and tested" education-based interventions. This book will be an immensely valuable resource for practitioners and academics working in all therapeutic traditions. "This excellent book achieves rare success in synthesising academic scholarship and sound clinical principles in understanding and treating disorders relating to trauma. Allen''s conceptual clarity and masterful use of narrative, makes coherent those disorders characterised by incoherence. Equally clinician and teacher, he shows how containment and care, self-regulation and support can mend the wounds inflicted by attachment trauma." _Antonia Bifulco, Ph.D., Royal Holloway, University of London, UK "In this superb new book, Jon Allen makes creative use of attachment theory to explicate the multifaceted outcomes of trauma. Encyclopedic in scope and scholarly in its up-to-the-minute survey of research findings, this book will be equally useful as a text for the classroom or as a reference book for the experienced clinician. Students and clinicians alike are indebted to Allen for this landmark contribution." _Glen Gabbard, M.D., The Menninger Clinic, USA "There are but a handful of books that could ever make the claim that they have the potential to change your life...Allen''s book is a genuine ''tour de force'' . . . the model that Allen constructs in this book is quite simply the most satisfactory integration of findings concerning interpersonal trauma which anyone has yet achieved. His review is comprehensive and extremely valuable in that respect alone, but it is also original. Help may take a number of forms, but in all the forms that psychosocial intervention might take, the understanding of underlying psychological processes is the ''sine qua non'' of adequate therapeutic help. Reading this book, you will come to appreciate the truth of this statement as well as making a giant step toward understanding the experience of the individuals who have turned to you for assistance." _From the Foreword by Peter Fonagy, University College London and The Anna Freud Centre, London, UK "Jon Allen has organized a wealth of scientific information and clinical wisdom about the impact of trauma on a wide range of psychiatric disorders. This comprehensive book impressively integrates not only the psychological and biological impact of trauma, but also essential features
Description : Despite the growing interest in the role of psychological trauma in the genesis of psychiatric disorders, few volumes have addressed these issues from a multidisciplinary and international perspective. Given the complexity of reslience and posttraumatic disorder, and given ongoing trauma and violence in many parts of the world, it is crucial to apply such perspectives to review existing knowledge in the field and provide directions for future research. This book has a broad scope. A key focus is PTSD, because of its clinical and health importance, its obvious link with trauma, and its interest for many clinicians and researchers. However, the book also examines resilience and a range of mental health consequences of trauma, because it has become increasingly clear that not all individuals react to trauma in the same way. It is important for mental health professionals to be aware of the broad range of potential responses to trauma, as well as of relevant evidence-based treatments. The book includes chapters that address a wide range of topics on trauma-related disorders, including nosology and classification, epidemiology, neurobiology, pharmacotherapy, and psychotherapy. Each chapter comprises a critical review of the existing literature, aimed at being useful for the practitioner. This is followed by selected commentaries from other authorities on the topic, representing diverse geographical locations and points of view, who refine some of the perspectives offered in the review, provide alternative views, or suggest important areas of future work.
Description : An exploration of the newfound connections between mental illness and trauma For decades, the idea that serious mental illnesses (SMIs) are almost exclusively biologically-based and must be treated pharmacologically has been commonplace in psychology literature. As a result, many mental health professionals have stopped listening to their clients, categorizing their symptoms as manifestations of neurologically-based disturbed thinking. Trauma and Serious Mental Illness is the groundbreaking series of works that challenge this standard view and provides a comprehensive introduction to the emerging perspective of SMIs as trauma-based. This unique collection illustrates how different psychotherapy approaches can lead to reduced symptomatology, decreased psychological distress, and improved functioning in individuals living with SMIs. Each extensively-referenced chapter in Trauma and Serious Mental Illness offers mental health workers a forward-looking theoretical inquiry, empirical study, or critical treatise providing compelling counter evidence to challenge the widespread belief that SMIs are not reactions to the extreme and extremely disturbing circumstances embodied by psychological trauma. In addition to the etiological application, this revealing text proposes ways to incorporate this cutting-edge approach toward treatment options as well. Contributors to Trauma and Serious Mental Illness suggest that: childhood trauma is related to psychotic disorders dissociation can be confounded with psychotic symptoms auditory hallucinations can be diagnostic of dissociation rather than psychosis psychosis is related to the quality of family of origin environment and to age of onset of childhood abuse bipolar and trauma-related disorders sometimes overlap individuals with SMIs suffer related trauma even in treatment facilities and much more! Trauma and Serious Mental Illness is an eye-opening resource for mental health professionals, psychologists, counselors, psychiatrists, social workers, trauma workers, and educators and students in these disciplines.
Description : McNally drives at one point over and over again; survivors of trauma remember their abuse all too well. He argues that there is next to no evidence linking trauma to amnesia, even in cases of sexual abuse. He dismantles all the major studies, one by one, reinterpreting the results, questioning the assumptions, pointing out the lack of verification and dismissing the underpinning of trauma-amnesia theory.
Description : Adult patients exhibit core symptoms: voices in the head and ongoing blank spells or periods of missing time. The voices are the different parts of the personality talking to one another and to the main, presenting part of the person who comes for treatment. Periods of missing time occur when aspects of the personality take turns being in control of the body and memory barriers are erected between them. Patients also experience symptoms such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance abuse, sleep disorders, sexual dysfunction, psychosomatic symptoms, and symptoms that mimic schizophrenia. MPD patients have experienced the most extreme childhood trauma of any diagnostic group and therefore exhibit the psychobiology and psychopathology of trauma to an extreme degree. The good news is that once diagnosed, the MPD patient can be brought back to health.This book is important for all mental health professionals, and also for the general reader interested in psychiatric phenomena.
Description : An introduction to mental health practice ideal for non-psychologists Learning About Mental Health Practice covers the key areas of contemporary mental health practice and is ideal for those in the early stages of their mental health training. The text is organized into three parts. Part I (Foundations) covers the Ten Shared Capabilities, a framework that has been developed by the Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health as a framework for the whole of the mental health workforce. Part II (Issues) includes chapters on socially inclusive practice, service user involvement, interdisciplinary team working, and working with families. Finally, Part III (Approaches) includes chapters on psychological approaches, medication management, holistic approaches, and spirituality and mental health. A student text to accompany Teaching Mental Health (978-0-470-03029-5) Focuses on the 'Ten Essential Shared Capabilities': Working in Partnership; Respecting Diversity; Practicing Ethically; Challenging Inequality; Promoting Recovery; Identifying People's Needs and Strengths; Providing Service User Centred Care; Making a Difference; Promoting Safety and Positive Risk Taking; Personal Development and Learning Much-needed: in 2006 Professor Lord Layard, Professor of Health Economics at the LSE, made a seminal speech in which he outlined an initiative to scale up therapy for people suffering from depression and anxiety by training an additional 10,000 clinical psychologists and therapists