Description : The Longman Language Activator takes you from a key word or basic idea, like good, and shows you more precise words or phrases with information on register, context and grammar structures. It provides all the collocations and phrases needed to write correctly.
Description : This workbook has been written especially for use with the Longman Language Activator and offers a full answer key, making it ideal for classroom or self-study. Special units have been written on exam preparation and vocabulary development and, therefore, it is useful for FCE practice.
Description : This book is concerned with bilingual thematic dictionaries (BTDs). The three chief aims of the research project are: 1) to identify the characteristic features of the bilingual thematic dictionary, 2) to gauge its usefulness, and 3) to make suggestions as to how it could be improved. Various approaches are adopted in order to reveal the nature of the BTD. The typological approach considers the lexicographic genres (bilingual, thematic, and pedagogical) which have been combined to create this hybrid reference work. Particular attention is paid to the BTD's immediate forerunner and closest lexicographic relative: the monolingual thematic learner's dictionary. Detailed textual analyses of contemporary thematic dictionaries identify the characteristic features of the macrostructure, microstructure, and other components from a structural perspective. In order to evaluate the usefulness of the BTD features identified, the textual analyses are supplemented by three pieces of user research involving a questionnaire (to elicit learners' opinions), a test (on the effectiveness of the access structure), and an experiment (to discover how a learner uses a BTD).
Description : After decades of being overlooked, corpus evidence is becoming an important component of the teaching and learning of languages. Above all, the profession needs guidance in the practicalities of using corpora, interpreting the results and applying them to the problems and opportunities of the classroom. This book is intensely practical, written mainly by a new generation of language teachers who are acknowledged experts in central aspects of the discipline. It offers advice on what to do in the classroom, how to cope with teachers' queries about language, what corpora to use including learner corpora and spoken corpora and how to handle the variability of language; it reports on some current research and explains how the access software is constructed, including an opportunity for the practitioner to write small but useful programs; and it takes a look into the future of corpora in language teaching.
Description : The Longman Pocket Activator is a convenient version of the Longman Language Activator®. This dictionary expands students¿ vocabulary and improves their ability to express themselves fluently. The Longman Pocket Activator groups similar word- and phrase- meanings together, and highlights key differences in definitions and usage. There are helpful labels, corpus-based example sentences, and grammar pointers within definitions to guide students in selecting the right word for the right circumstances. Features: • Easy-to-use vocabulary finder • Accessible key words and basic ideas guide vocabulary exploration • Thousands of examples showing real usage and natural communication • Spoken communication tips for everyday situations
Description : Do your intermediate students need to build their vocabulary? Do they need help with writing skills? If so, the Longman Essential Activator gives them just the help they need. It expands their vocabulary by building on simple words they already know, and the Longman Writing Coach CD-ROM improves their writing skills.
Description : The new edition of this dictionary of contemporary English features natural word combinations in definitions and collocation (word-combination) boxes, word focus boxes and usage notes. Its aim is to help students expand their knowledge by showing how words are used together.
Description : This is a down-to-earth, 'how to do it' textbook on the making of dictionaries. Written by professional lexicographers with over seventy years' experience between them, the book presents a step-by-step course for the training of lexicographers in all settings, including publishing houses, colleges, and universities world-wide, and for the teaching of lexicography as an academic discipline. It takes readers through the processes of designing, collecting, and annotating a corpus of texts; shows how to analyse the data in order to extract the relevant information; and demonstrates how these findings are drawn together in the semantic, grammatical, and pedagogic components that make up an entry. The authors explain the relevance and application of recent linguistic theories, such as prototype theory and frame semantics, and describe the role of software in the manipulation of data and the compilation of entries. They provide practical exercises at every stage. The Oxford Guide to Practical Lexicography draws on materials developed by the authors over more than twenty years of teaching courses for publishing houses and universities in the US, Japan, Hong Kong and China, South Africa, Australia, the UK, and Europe. It will be welcomed everywhere by lexicographers, teachers of lexicography, and their students. It is also fascinating reading for all those interested in discovering how dictionaries are made.