Description : The current Status criteria of the Indian Act contains descent-based rules akin to blood quantum that are particularly discriminatory against women and their descendants, which author Pamela Palmater argues will lead to the extinguishment of First Nations as legal and constitutional entities. Beginning with an historic overview of legislative enactments defining Indian status and their impact on First Nations, the author examines contemporary court rulings dealing with Indigenous identity, Aboriginal rights, and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Palmater also examines band membership codes to determine if their reliance on status criteria perpetuates discrimination. She offers changes for determining Indigenous identity and citizenship and argues that First Nations must determine citizenship themselves.
Description : Beyond Blood Oil expands on the themes and proposals laid out in Leif Wenar’s previous book and engages a distinguished group of scholars to explore philosophical arguments, assessing the prospects of his practical policy proposal. The book addresses how oil resources can undermine democracy and discusses moral obligations of those who consume oil
Description : Beyond Blood Identities uncovers the social psychology of those who hold strong blood identities. In this highly original work, Jason D. Hill argues that strong racial, ethnic and national identities, which he refers to as 'tribal identities,' function according to a separatist logic that does irreparable damage to our moral lives. Drawing on scholarship in philosophy, sociology, and cultural anthropology, Hill contends that strong tribalism is a form of pathology. Beyond Blood Identities shows how a particular understanding of culture could lead to a new theoretical approach to enriched human living. Hill develops a new version of cosmopolitanism that he calls post-human cosmopolitanism to solve a number of challenges in contemporary society. From the problem of defining culture, the failure of multiculturalism, the question of who owns native culture, the identification of Jews as post-human people and the problem of their status as 'chosen people' in a modern world, the author applies a cosmopolitan analysis to some of the major problems in our global and interdependent world. He posits a world in which community has been dispensed with and replaced by its successor term sociality_the broad unmarked space in which creative social intercourse takes place. Hill applies a new cosmopolitanism to ideate a new post-humanity for the twenty-first century.
Description : A powerful emperor, mysteriously killed. A nation torn apart by conspiracies, betrayal and chaos. Amidst this, there were two young boys, brothers in arms; disgraced by the empire, they set out to avenge their master and fulfill his last wish. But will they succeed in regaining the kingdom? Or will one of them heed to the persuasive words of the evil? Will they fight together for their purpose? Or will they turn against each other in search of their true selves? A simple but thrilling story that brings out the human emotions of love, friendship, rage, hatred, thirst for power and knowledge! Join the shinobi on their journey to become the strongest warriors in the realm.
Description : Dana Bowman has misgivings about starting the home-based Attic Investigative Agency with her fraternal twin, Bast Overture. Especially when the agency's launch is preceded by a break and enter downstairs and a kidnapping at the Mini-Mall involving her son David's babysitter, Debbie Sangwell. Especially when David is kidnapped and Debbie is murdered during the agency's opening ceremonies. Further digging reveals more kidnappings, murders, fraud, and abortion. The twins' investigation also leads to run-ins with police detective Donald Fielding and CKNT TV reporter Charles Haas, the latter who has the "dirt" on Bast. A colourful cast of characters dot the pages, including Dana's ex-husband Ronald, Great Aunt Doris, Mini-Mall merchants Lois and Ray Chalmers, and various nosy neighbours. Hovering in the background is the mysterious "Him." Dana is pushed beyond blood ties in trying to avoid an emotional meltdown as a mother and focus on finding her son. The twin detectives discover that everything seems to be connected somehow. Which connection will lead them to David, and to Debbie's murderer? Will they be too late for David?
Description : This dissertation investigates and criticizes two common assumptions about violence in contemporary political theory and philosophy: that violence is mute and that it is instrumental. Through close readings of the works of Niccolò Machiavelli, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Engels, I argue that political violence has a semiotic character, that it involves the production of signs and meanings. These signs and meanings are not peripheral but central to the operations of political violence, because the political effectiveness of violence is partially determined by its representation. Practices of representation regulate how political violence is received and understood by an audience, which is why political violence cannot be explained by reference to institutions alone. Rather, it must be interpreted in the context of these practices of representation. It calls, therefore, for a critical hermeneutic attentive to how meanings and signs circulate beyond violence's narrowly functional and instrumental dimensions and beyond the control of violence's wielders. My readings offer a model for such an interpretive approach, for a critical hermeneutic that accounts for the semiotic aspects inherent in practices of political violence. My textual analyses ask how modes of representation and visibility organize particular formations of violence and produce political effects. By tracing the disseminations and dispersals of violence in Machiavelli's and Marx's texts, I challenge the conventionla classification that separates political from non-political violence, and I raise the question of what makes violence recognizable as political.
Description : A wealthy benefactor with psychic powers battles to gain control... Sitting in her plush Manhattan office, Carrie Phillips receives a phone call from her distraught best friend, Roxanne, an artist who lives on the Caribbean island of St. Lucia. Roxanne is afraid that someone is trying to kill her and she thinks the attempts on her life might be connected to her mysterious trust fund. As the girls follow the money trail, they discover that Roxanne's benefactor has a deep and insidious interest in both of their fates. The benefactor offers a tempting deal but the price must be paid in blood. His need for control knows no bounds, and only their courage and deep bond can keep them from succumbing to his sinister plans. When Roxanne goes missing, Carrie must prevail against the benefactor's stupendous wealth and paranormal powers – or pay the ultimate price.
Description : Beyond Blood is a collection of poems about relationships that reach beyond family ties and form soul connections. Some of these relationships do not last, often due to the growing apart that happens when one person sheds societal conditioning to become their true self. Other relationships persist because both people take courage and grow together. This book describes such relationships in their various manifestations, and how they shape our lives and sense of purpose. Marilyn is inspired by nature and her experiences to write verses that contain the energy of life, with all its beauty and trials. This is her fourth poetry collection, after Visionaries, Earth Champions, and One Friend. She is fascinated by how to change human behavior to optimize wellness for people and planet, and has made that her calling through Alchemus Prime. Marilyn lives in California.
Description : A hallmark of age-related immunosenescence is the accumulation of late-differentiated memory CD8 T cells in peripheral blood with features of replicative senescence, such as inability to proliferate, absence of CD28 expression, shortened telomeres, loss of telomerase activity, enhanced activation, and increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines. Oligoclonal expansions of these late-differentiated memory CD8 T cells in peripheral blood are correlated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality in elderly humans. The studies described in this thesis focus on furthering our understanding of CD8 T cell replicative senescence in humans and its relationship to aging and HIV disease, with special emphasis on immune features of gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), which contains 40-65% of lymphocytes (as opposed to peripheral blood, which houses only 2%) and is an area of high antigenic exposure. We first review the data for CD8 T cell replicative senescence in peripheral blood. This includes a comprehensive discussion of experiments defining the phenotype and function of senescent cells in vitro. We then present evidence that CD8 T cell replicative senescence occurs in vivo, and discuss how senescent cells contribute to, and are affected by, dysregulated immunity in aging and HIV disease, ultimately contributing towards "inflammaging" and an immune risk phenotype (IRP) predictive of morbidity and mortality. We next move the focus of our studies to the GALT and compare blood and gut (specifically rectosigmoid colon) CD8 T cells, focusing on age-related phenotypic and functional alterations previously linked to senescence in peripheral blood. Overall, our results support the hypothesis that gut CD8 T cells have profiles suggestive of greater "aging" than those in peripheral blood. These results include a significant increase in RA-CD8+ (memory), CD28-CD8+ (differentiated), RA-CD28-CD8+ (differentiated memory), DR+CD38+CD8+ (activated), CD8 [alpha]/[alpha], RO+PD-1+CD8+, and a (non-significant) decrease in baseline telomerase activity. However, other criteria from this study (lower levels of CD57 expression, lack of inverted CD4:CD8 ratio, increase in KI-67 (proliferation) expression, and proliferative potential that is similar to blood) suggest that gut CD8 T cells may not be more senescent than peripheral blood. Our data suggest that additional work (such as looking at CD4 cells, other regions of the gut, and CD8 T cell gut senescence in aging and HIV disease) is needed to further elucidate this relationship. We then describe the development and optimization of a novel protocol to test our hypothesis of compartment-specific differences of in vitro proliferative dynamics of CD8 T cells. The protocol involves a 5 day culture of mononuclear leukocyte populations from blood and gut, respectively, labeled with CFSE and BrdU and stimulated with anti-CD2/3/28-linked microbeads. The specific experimental variables we have optimized include: mode of T cell stimulation, CFSE concentration, inclusion of second proliferation marker BrdU, culture duration, initial cell concentration and inclusion of autologous irradiated feeder cells. Finally, we transition back to peripheral blood in order to examine a link between peripheral blood T cell senescence and a mild presentation of Kaposi's sarcoma in treated HIV-infected subjects with long-term suppression of HIV replication. This study indicates these subjects exhibit some features of immunosenescence relative to treated controls without sarcoma (increased frequency of CD57+ and CD28- CD4 and CD8 T cells, decreased proportion of naïve CD27+CD28+CD45RA+ CD4 and CD8 cells, increased expression of CCR5 in CD4 and CD8 T cells), indicating immunologic perturbations associated with immune senescence might be casually associated with development of this disease. Together, results from this research further our understanding of CD8 T cell senescence, especially in the rectosigmoid colon region of the GALT, and pave the way for further research elucidating the relationship of CD8 T cell immunosenescence and pathologies such as aging, HIV disease and Kaposi's sarcoma.
Description : Can two young men who meet in a concentration camp become friends? It is possible and even probable but suppose one of them is a prisoner and the other is a guard? When Herschel and Hans Rothberg die, a lawyer hands the children a manuscript that completely turns their world upside down. Can they believe what is written? From the closing months of WWII to the men's departure for America from a Displaced Persons camp, the manuscript chronicles their troubled journey.